Hirao, Y, Bennett, DP, Ryu, Y-H, Koshimoto, N, Udalski, A, Yee, JC, Sumi, T, Bond, IA, Shvartzvald, Y, Abe, F, Barry, RK, Bhattacharya, A, Donachie, M, Fukui, A, Itow, Y, Kondo, I, Li, MCA, Matsubara, Y, Matsuo, T, Miyazaki, S, Muraki, Y, Nagakane, M, Ranc, C, Rattenbury, NJ, Suematsu, H, Shibai, H, Suzuki, D, Tristram, PJ, Yonehara, A, Skowron, J, Poleski, R, Mroz, P, Szymanski, MK, Soszynski, I, Kozlowski, S, Pietrukowicz, P, Ulaczyk, K, Rybicki, K, Iwanek, P, Albrow, MD, Chung, S-J, Gould, A, Han, C, Hwang, K-H, Jung, YK, Shin, I-G, Zang, W, Cha, S-M, Kim, D-J, Kim, H-W, Kim, S-L, Lee, C-U, Lee, D-J, Lee, Y, Park, B-G, Pogge, RW, Beichman, CA, Bryden, G, Novati, SC, Carey, S, Gaudi, BS, Henderson, CB, Zhu, W, Bachelet, E, Bolt, G, Christie, G, Hundertmark, M, Natusch, T, Maoz, D, McCormick, J, Street, RA, Tan, T-G, Tsapras, Y, Jorgensen, UG, Dominik, M, Bozza, V, Skottfelt, J, Snodgrass, C, Ciceri, S, Jaimes, RF, Evans, DF, Peixinho, N, Hinse, TC, Burgdorf, MJ, Southworth, J ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3807-3198, Rahvar, S, Sajadian, S, Rabus, M, von Essen, C, Fujii, YI, Campbell-White, J, Lowry, S, Helling, C, Mancini, L, Haikala, L, Kandori, R, Collaboration, MOA, Collaboration, OGLE, Collaboration, K, Team, S, Teams, LCOFF-U, Collaboration, M and Team, IRSF (2020) OGLE-2017-BLG-0406: Spitzer Microlens Parallax Reveals Saturn-mass Planet Orbiting M-dwarf Host in the Inner Galactic Disk. Astronomical Journal, 160 (2).

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Abstract

We report the discovery and analysis of the planetary microlensing event OGLE-2017-BLG-0406, which was observed both from the ground and by the Spitzer satellite in a solar orbit. At high magnification, the anomaly in the light curve was densely observed by ground-based-survey and follow-up groups, and it was found to be explained by a planetary lens with a planet/host mass ratio of $q=7.0\times {10}^{-4}$ from the light-curve modeling. The ground-only and Spitzer-"only" data each provide very strong one-dimensional (1D) constraints on the 2D microlens parallax vector ${{\boldsymbol{\pi }}}_{{\rm{E}}}$. When combined, these yield a precise measurement of ${{\boldsymbol{\pi }}}_{{\rm{E}}}$ and of the masses of the host ${M}_{\mathrm{host}}=0.56\pm 0.07\,{M}_{\odot }$ and planet M planet = 0.41 ± 0.05 M Jup. The system lies at a distance D L = 5.2 ± 0.5 kpc from the Sun toward the Galactic bulge, and the host is more likely to be a disk population star according to the kinematics of the lens. The projected separation of the planet from the host is ${a}_{\perp }=3.5\pm 0.3\,\mathrm{au}$ (i.e., just over twice the snow line). The Galactic-disk kinematics are established in part from a precise measurement of the source proper motion based on OGLE-IV data. By contrast, the Gaia proper-motion measurement of the source suffers from a catastrophic 10σ error.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Gravitational microlensing, Gravitational microlensing, exoplanet detection
Subjects: Q Science > QB Astronomy
Divisions: Faculty of Natural Sciences > School of Chemical and Physical Sciences
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Symplectic
Date Deposited: 18 Nov 2020 09:23
Last Modified: 18 Nov 2020 09:27
URI: https://eprints.keele.ac.uk/id/eprint/8908

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