Zhang, D, Davoodi, P, Li, X, Liu, Y, Wang, W and Huang, YYS (2020) An empirical model to evaluate the effects of environmental humidity on the formation of wrinkled, creased and porous fibre morphology from electrospinning. Scientific Reports, 10 (1). 18783 - ?.

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Abstract

Controlling environmental humidity level and thus moisture interaction with an electrospinning solution jet has led to a fascinating range of polymer fibre morphological features; these include surface wrinkles, creases and surface/internal porosity at the individual fibre level. Here, by cross-correlating literature data of far-field electrospinning (FFES), together with our experimental data from near-field electrospinning (NFES), we propose a theoretical model, which can account, phenomenologically, for the onset of fibre microstructures formation from electrospinning solutions made of a hydrophobic polymer dissolved in a water-miscible or polar solvent. This empirical model provides a quantitative evaluation on how the evaporating solvent vapour could prevent or disrupt water vapor condensation onto the electrospinning jet; thus, on the condition where vapor condensation does occur, morphological features will form on the surface, or bulk of the fibre. A wide range of polymer systems, including polystyrene, poly(methyl methacrylate), poly-L-lactic acid, polycaprolactone were tested and validated. Our analysis points to the different operation regimes associated FFES versus NFES, when it comes to the system's sensitivity towards environmental moisture. Our proposed model may further be used to guide the process in creating desirable fibre microstructure.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article's Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article's Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this licence, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > School of Pharmacy and Bioengineering
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Depositing User: Symplectic
Date Deposited: 08 Dec 2020 13:24
Last Modified: 08 Dec 2020 13:24
URI: https://eprints.keele.ac.uk/id/eprint/8995

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