Guckian, J, Utukuri, M, Asif, A, Burton, O, Adeyoju, J, Oumeziane, A, Chu, T and Rees, E ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6458-5808 (2021) Social media in undergraduate medical education: A systematic review. Medical Education.

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Abstract

Introduction
There are over 3.81 billion worldwide active social media (SoMe) users. SoMe is ubiquitous in medical education, with roles across undergraduate programmes, including professionalism, blended learning, well-being and mentoring. Previous systematic reviews took place before recent explosions in SoMe popularity and revealed a paucity of high-quality empirical studies assessing its effectiveness in medical education. This review aimed to synthesise evidence regarding SoMe interventions in undergraduate medical education, to identify features associated with positive and negative outcomes.
Methods
Authors searched 31 key terms through seven databases, in addition to references, citation and hand searching, between 16th June and 16th July 2020. Studies describing SoMe interventions and research on exposure to existing SoMe were included. Title, abstract and full paper screening were undertaken independently by two reviewers. Included papers were assessed for methodological quality using the Medical Education Research Study Quality Instrument (MERSQI) and/or the Standards for Reporting Qualitative Research (SRQR) instrument. Extracted data were synthesised using narrative synthesis.
Results
112 studies from 26 countries met inclusion criteria. Methodological quality of included studies had not significantly improved since 2013. Engagement and satisfaction with SoMe platforms in medical education are described. Students felt SoMe flattened hierarchies and improved communication with educators. SoMe use was associated with improvement in objective knowledge assessment scores and self-reported clinical and professional performance, however evidence for long term knowledge retention was limited. SoMe use was occasionally linked to adverse impacts upon mental and physical health. Professionalism was heavily investigated and considered important, though generally negative correlations between SoMe use and medical professionalism may exist.
Conclusions
Social media is enjoyable for students, may improve short term knowledge retention and can aid communication between learners and educators. However, higher-quality study is required to identify longer-term impact upon knowledge and skills, provide clarification on professionalism standards and protect against harms.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: The final version of this accepted and all relevant information related to it can be found online at; https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/medu.14567
Subjects: H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
L Education > L Education (General)
Q Science > Q Science (General)
R Medicine > R Medicine (General) > R735 Medical education. Medical schools. Research
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine
Depositing User: Symplectic
Date Deposited: 10 May 2021 14:43
Last Modified: 30 Jun 2021 14:15
URI: https://eprints.keele.ac.uk/id/eprint/9533

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