Hearris, MA, Owens, DJ, Strauss, JA, Shepherd, SO, Sharples, AP ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1526-9400, Morton, JP and Louis, JB (2020) Graded reductions in pre-exercise glycogen concentration do not augment exercise-induced nuclear AMPK and PGC-1α protein content in human muscle. Experimental Physiology, 105 (11). pp. 1882-1894.

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Abstract

NEW FINDINGS: What is the central question of this study? What is the absolute level of pre-exercise glycogen concentration required to augment the exercise-induced signalling response regulating mitochondrial biogenesis? What is the main finding and its importance? Commencing high-intensity endurance exercise with reduced pre-exercise muscle glycogen concentrations confers no additional benefit to the early signalling responses that regulate mitochondrial biogenesis. ABSTRACT: We examined the effects of graded muscle glycogen on the subcellular location and protein content of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ coactivator 1α (PGC-1α) and mRNA expression of genes associated with the regulation of mitochondrial biogenesis and substrate utilisation in human skeletal muscle. In a repeated measures design, eight trained male cyclists completed acute high-intensity interval (HIT) cycling (8 × 5 min at 80% peak power output) with graded concentrations of pre-exercise muscle glycogen. Following initial glycogen-depleting exercise, subjects ingested  2 g kg-1  (L-CHO), 6 g kg-1 (M-CHO) or 14 g kg-1 (H-CHO) of carbohydrate during a 36 h period, such that exercise was commenced with graded (P < 0.05) muscle glycogen concentrations (mmol (kg dw)-1 : H-CHO, 531 ± 83; M-CHO, 332 ± 88; L-CHO, 208 ± 79). Exercise depleted muscle glycogen to <300 mmol (kg dw)-1 in all trials (mmol (kg dw)-1 : H-CHO, 270 ± 88; M-CHO, 173 ± 74; L-CHO, 100 ± 42) and induced comparable increases in nuclear AMPK protein content (∼2-fold) and PGC-1α (∼5-fold), p53 (∼1.5-fold) and carnitine palmitoyltransferase 1 (∼2-fold) mRNA between trials (all P < 0.05). The magnitude of increase in PGC-1α mRNA was also positively correlated with post-exercise glycogen concentration (P < 0.05). In contrast, neither exercise nor carbohydrate availability affected the subcellular location of PGC-1α protein or PPAR, SCO2, SIRT1, DRP1, MFN2 or CD36 mRNA. Using a sleep-low, train-low model with a high-intensity endurance exercise stimulus, we conclude that pre-exercise muscle glycogen does not modulate skeletal muscle cell signalling.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: © 2020 The Authors. Experimental Physiology published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of The Physiological Society This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
R Medicine > R Medicine (General) > R735 Medical education. Medical schools. Research
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > School of Pharmacy and Bioengineering
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Symplectic
Date Deposited: 20 May 2021 08:57
Last Modified: 20 May 2021 08:57
URI: https://eprints.keele.ac.uk/id/eprint/9608

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