Sykes, R, Mohamed, MO ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9678-5222, Kwok, CS, Mamas, MA ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9241-8890 and Berry, C (2021) Percutaneous coronary intervention and 30-day unplanned readmission with chest pain in the United States (Nationwide Readmissions Database). Clinical Cardiology, 44 (3). 291 - 306.

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Abstract

Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) improves anginal chest pain in most, but not all, treated patients. PCI is associated with unplanned readmission for angina and non-specific chest pain within 30-days of index PCI. Patients with an index hospitalization for PCI between January-November in each of the years 2010-2014 were included from the United States Nationwide Readmissions Database. Of 2 723 455 included patients, the 30-day unplanned readmission rate was 7.2% (n = 196 581, 42.3% female). This included 9.8% (n = 19 183) with angina and 11.1% (n = 21 714) with non-specific chest pain. The unplanned readmission group were younger (62.2 vs 65.1 years; P < 0.001), more likely to be females (41.0% vs 34.2%; P < 0.001), from the lowest quartile of household income (32.9% vs 31.2%; P < 0.001), have higher prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors or have index PCI performed for non-acute coronary syndromes (ACS) (OR:3.46, 95%CI 3.39-3.54). Factors associated with angina readmissions included female sex (OR:1.28, 95%CI 1.25-1.32), history of ischemic heart disease (IHD) (OR:3.28, 95%CI 2.95-3.66), coronary artery bypass grafts (OR:1.79, 95%CI 1.72-2.86), anaemia (OR:1.16, 95%CI 1.11-1.21), hypertension (OR:1.13, 95%CI 1.09, 1.17), and dyslipidemia (OR:1.10, 95%CI 1.06-1.14). Non-specific chest pain compared with angina readmissions were younger (mean difference 1.25 years, 95% CI 0.99, 1.50), more likely to be females (RR:1.13, 95%CI 1.10, 1.15) and have undergone PCI for non-ACS (RR:2.17, 95%CI 2.13, 2.21). Indications for PCI other than ACS have a greater likelihood of readmission with angina or non-specific chest pain at 30-days. Readmissions are more common in patients with modifiable risk factors, previous history of IHD and anaemia.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: © 2021 The Authors. Clinical Cardiology published by Wiley Periodicals LLC. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
R Medicine > R Medicine (General) > R735 Medical education. Medical schools. Research
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > School of Primary, Community and Social Care
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Symplectic
Date Deposited: 04 Jun 2021 12:26
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2021 12:26
URI: https://eprints.keele.ac.uk/id/eprint/9665

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