Ali, N ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0088-5115 and Knaüper, V (2007) Phorbol Ester-induced Shedding of the Prostate Cancer Marker Transmembrane Protein with Epidermal Growth Factor and Two Follistatin Motifs 2 Is Mediated by the Disintegrin and Metalloproteinase-17. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 282 (52). 37378 - 37388.

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Abstract

The transmembrane protein with epidermal growth factor and two follistatin motifs 2 (TMEFF2) is expressed in prostate and brain and shed from the cell surface in a metalloproteinase-dependent fashion. Neither the sheddase(s) responsible for TMEFF2 shedding nor the physiological significance or activity of the soluble TMEFF2 ectodomain (TMEFF2-ECD) has been identified. In the present study we present new evidence that a disintegrin and metalloproteinase-17 (ADAM17) is responsible for phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate-induced release of TMEFF2-ECD using small interfering RNA to ablate ADAM17 expression or by inhibiting enzymatic activity. A single well shedding assay monitoring the release of alkaline phosphatase-tagged TMEFF2-ECD into medium and the generation of 22- and 14-kDa C-terminal fragments in lysates were dependent on ADAM17 activity. A γ-secretase inhibitor prevented the formation of a 10-kDa fragment in cell lysates, thus establishing TMEFF2 as a novel substrate for regulated intramembrane proteolysis. We assigned proliferation-inducing activity to TMEFF2. Inhibition of TMEFF2 shedding using synthetic metalloproteinase inhibitors or small interfering RNA targeting TMEFF2 expression yielded a statistically significant reduction of cell proliferation in the lymph node-derived prostate cancer cells (LNCaPs) and a human embryonic kidney (HEK293) cell line overexpressing TMEFF2. The TMEFF2-ECD was able to induce ERK1/2 phosphorylation in an epidermal growth factor receptor (or ErbB1)-dependent manner in HEK293 cells. Our data suggest that TMEFF2 contributes to cell proliferation in an ADAM17-dependent autocrine fashion in cells expressing this protein.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: © 2007 ASBMB. Currently published by Elsevier Inc; originally published by American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology.
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > School of Medicine
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Symplectic
Date Deposited: 03 Sep 2021 07:53
Last Modified: 03 Sep 2021 07:53
URI: https://eprints.keele.ac.uk/id/eprint/9900

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