Monaco, G, Ladner, YD, El Haj, AJ, Forsyth, NR, Alini, M and Stoddart, MJ (2021) Mesenchymal Stromal Cell Differentiation for Generating Cartilage and Bone-Like Tissues In Vitro. Cells, 10 (8).

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Abstract

In the field of tissue engineering, progress has been made towards the development of new treatments for cartilage and bone defects. However, in vitro culture conditions for human bone marrow mesenchymal stromal cells (hBMSCs) have not yet been fully defined. To improve our understanding of cartilage and bone in vitro differentiation, we investigated the effect of culture conditions on hBMSC differentiation. We hypothesized that the use of two different culture media including specific growth factors, TGFβ1 or BMP2, as well as low (2% O2) or high (20% O2) oxygen tension, would improve the chondrogenic and osteogenic potential, respectively. Chondrogenic and osteogenic differentiation of hBMSCs isolated from multiple donors and expanded under the same conditions were directly compared. Chondrogenic groups showed a notable upregulation of chondrogenic markers compared with osteogenic groups. Greater sGAG production and deposition, and collagen type II and I accumulation occurred for chondrogenic groups. Chondrogenesis at 2% O2 significantly reduced ALP gene expression and reduced type I collagen deposition, producing a more stable and less hypertrophic chondrogenic phenotype. An O2 tension of 2% did not inhibit osteogenic differentiation at the protein level but reduced ALP and OC gene expression. An upregulation of ALP and OC occurred during osteogenesis in BMP2 containing media under 20% O2; BMP2 free osteogenic media downregulated ALP and also led to higher sGAG release. A higher mineralization was observed in the presence of BMP2 during osteogenesis. This study demonstrates how the modulation of O2 tension, combined with tissue-specific growth factors and media composition can be tailored in vitro to promote chondral or endochondral differentiation while using the same donor cell population.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited
Uncontrolled Keywords: osteogenesis; chondrogenesis; donor comparison; osteochondral constructs
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > School of Medicine
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Symplectic
Date Deposited: 02 Sep 2021 11:34
Last Modified: 02 Sep 2021 11:34
URI: https://eprints.keele.ac.uk/id/eprint/9959

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