Rees, EL, Eastwood, M and Davies, B (2021) Students’ Experiences of Peer Observed Teaching: A Qualitative Interview Study. Teaching and Learning in Medicine: an international journal. ISSN 1040-1334

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Purpose: To summarise and appraise evidence on the prognosis and long-term clinical and socio-economic outcomes following wrist fracture among adults aged 50 years and over.

Methods: Five databases (MEDLINE, EMBASE, AMED, CINAHL-P and PsycINFO) were comprehensively searched (supplemented by a grey-literature search) from inception till June 2021 for prospective/retrospective cohort studies of patients (≥50 years) with a history of wrist fracture and reporting long-term (≥6 months) outcomes. Peer study selection, data extraction and risk of bias assessment were conducted. A random effects meta-analysis was used to summarise estimates of pain and function outcomes.

Results: 78 studies (n=688,041 patients) were included. Patients report persistent moderate to severe pain (range:
7.5%-62%) and functional limitations (range: 5.5-78%) up to 12-months or later after wrist fracture. Mean PatientRated Wrist Evaluation (PRWE) score for pain and function (9 studies, n=1759 patients) was 15.23 (95%CI 12.77, 17.69) at 6-months to 13-years follow-up. Mean disabilities of the arm, shoulder and hand (DASH) score (9 studies, n=1346 patients) was 13.82 (95%CI 12.71, 14.93)( at 6- to 17-months follow-up. A 10-20% increase in healthcare encounters in the first 12-months after fracture was observed. Twelve prognostic factors were associated with poor long-term outcomes.

Conclusion: Evidence shows that a high proportion of people aged over 50 years with wrist fracture experience pain and functional limitation >6months after fracture. This is associated with increased healthcare costs, and reduced quality of life. Exploratory evidence was found for several candidate prognostic factors. Their predictive performance needs to be investigated further.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: © 2021 The Author(s). Published with license by Taylor & Francis Group, LLC This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives License (, which permits non-commercial re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, and is not altered, transformed, or built upon in any way.
Subjects: L Education > L Education (General)
L Education > LB Theory and practice of education > LB2300 Higher Education
R Medicine > R Medicine (General) > R735 Medical education. Medical schools. Research
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > School of Medicine
Depositing User: Symplectic
Date Deposited: 19 Oct 2021 13:17
Last Modified: 25 Feb 2022 12:22

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