Gutiérrez, JS and Hoole, D (2021) Ligula intestinalis. Trends in Parasitology. ISSN 1471-4922

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Ligula intestinalis is a common pseudophyllidean cestode found in freshwater ecosystems worldwide. It has a complex life cycle involving a planktonic copepod as first intermediate host, a planktivorous fish as second intermediate host, and a fish-eating bird as the final host. The most conspicuous stage within the life cycle is the plerocercoid, which develops in the abdominal cavity of the fish host and has a substantial effect on its health, fecundity, and behaviour. It can cause epizootic cycles of mass mortality within fish populations. Molecular studies have demonstrated the existence of several lineages which represent separate species differing in the spectrum of fish hosts and geographical distribution. This parasite has recently been introduced to freshwater systems of Africa and Oceania, either by migratory birds or the trade in fish. L. intestinalis has been an ideal model to study ecological interactions, endocrine disruption, pollution monitoring, and genetic biodiversity.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: The final version of this article and all relevant information related to it, including copyrights, can be found online at;
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
S Agriculture > S Agriculture (General)
S Agriculture > SB Plant culture
S Agriculture > SF Animal culture
Divisions: Faculty of Natural Sciences > School of Life Sciences
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Symplectic
Date Deposited: 21 Oct 2021 15:11
Last Modified: 29 Sep 2022 01:30

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