Kinson, DA, Oliveira, JM and van Loon, JT (2021) Massive young stellar objects in the Local Group irregular galaxy NGC6822 identified using machine learning. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 507 (4). 5106 - 5131. ISSN 0035-8711

[thumbnail of stab2386.pdf]
stab2386.pdf - Published Version

Download (12MB) | Preview


We present a supervised machine learning methodology to classify stellar populations in the Local Group dwarf-irregular galaxy NGC 6822. Near-IR colours (J − H, H − K, and J − K), K-band magnitudes and far-IR surface brightness (at 70 and 160 μm) measured from Spitzer and Herschel images are the features used to train a Probabilistic Random Forest (PRF) classifier. Point-sources are classified into eight target classes: young stellar objects (YSOs), oxygen- and carbon-rich asymptotic giant branch stars, red giant branch and red supergiant stars, active galactic nuclei, massive main-sequence stars, and Galactic foreground stars. The PRF identifies sources with an accuracy of ∼ 90 per cent across all target classes rising to ∼96 per cent for YSOs. We confirm the nature of 125 out of 277 literature YSO candidates with sufficient feature information, and identify 199 new YSOs and candidates. Whilst these are mostly located in known star-forming regions, we have also identified new star formation sites. These YSOs have mass estimates between ∼15 and 50 M⊙, representing the most massive YSO population in NGC 6822. Another 82 out of 277 literature candidates are definitively classified as non-YSOs by the PRF analysis. We characterize the star formation environment by comparing the spatial distribution of YSOs to those of gas and dust using archival images. We also explore the potential of using (unsupervised) t-distributed stochastic neighbour embedding maps for the identification of the same stellar population classified by the PRF.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: The final version of this article and all relevant information related to it, including copyrights, can be found online at;
Subjects: Q Science > QB Astronomy
Q Science > QB Astronomy > QB460 Astrophysics
Q Science > QB Astronomy > QB600 Planets. Planetology
Q Science > QC Physics
Divisions: Faculty of Natural Sciences > School of Chemical and Physical Sciences
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Symplectic
Date Deposited: 27 Oct 2021 14:50
Last Modified: 27 Oct 2021 14:50

Actions (login required)

View Item
View Item