Darlington, D, Brown, P, Carvalho, V, Bourne, H, Mayer, J, Jones, N, Walker, V, Siddiqui, S, Patwala, A and Kwok, CS (2021) Efficacy and safety of leadless pacemaker: A systematic review, pooled analysis and meta-analysis. Indian Pacing and Electrophysiology Journal. ISSN 0972-6292

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BACKGROUND: Leadless pacemakers have been designed as an alternative to transvenous systems which avoid some of the complications associated with transvenous devices. We aim to perform a systematic review of the literature to report the safety and efficacy findings of leadless pacemakers. METHODS: We searched MEDLINE and EMBASE to identify studies reporting the safety, efficacy and outcomes of patients implanted with a leadless pacemaker. The pooled rate of adverse events was determined and random-effects meta-analysis was performed to compare rates of adverse outcomes for leadless compared to transvenous pacemakers. RESULTS: A total of 18 studies were included with 2496 patients implanted with a leadless pacemaker and success rates range between 95.5-100%. The device or procedure related death rate was 0.3% while any complication and pericardial tamponade occurred in 3.1% and 1.4% of patients, respectively. Other complications such as pericardial effusion, device dislodgement, device revision, device malfunction, access site complications and infection occurred in less than 1% of patients. Meta-analysis of four studies suggests that there was no difference in hematoma (RR 0.67 95%CI 0.21-2.18, 3 studies), pericardial effusion (RR 0.59 95%CI 0.15-2.25, 3 studies), device dislocation (RR 0.33 95%CI 0.06-1.74, 3 studies), any complication (RR 0.44 95%CI 0.17-1.09, 4 studies) and death (RR 0.45 95%CI 0.15-1.35, 2 studies) comparing patients who received leadless and transvenous pacemakers. CONCLUSION: Leadless pacemakers are safe and effective for patients who have an indication for single chamber ventricular pacing and the findings appear to be comparable to transvenous pacemakers.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright © 2021, Indian Heart Rhythm Society. Production and hosting by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. This is a PDF file of an article that has undergone enhancements after acceptance, such as the additionof a cover page and metadata, and formatting for readability, but it is not yet the definitive version ofrecord. This version will undergo additional copyediting, typesetting and review before it is publishedin its final form, but we are providing this version to give early visibility of the article. Please note that,during the production process, errors may be discovered which could affect the content, and all legaldisclaimers that apply to the journal pertain.
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
R Medicine > R Medicine (General) > R735 Medical education. Medical schools. Research
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Depositing User: Symplectic
Date Deposited: 06 Jan 2022 12:13
Last Modified: 06 Jan 2022 12:13
URI: https://eprints.keele.ac.uk/id/eprint/10458

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