Howlett, J (2022) Freedom, differentialism and the partnership method: the progressive education of Norman MacMunn. History of Education. 1 - 20. ISSN 0046-760X

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This article has as its focus the life and thinking of the practitioner and theorist Norman MacMunn (1877–1925), whose experimental work in a number of schools outlined a new conception of freedom and one that drew initially upon the thinking and practice of Maria Montessori. It explores how MacMunn used these new psychological ideas to develop innovatory practice, which included techniques he christened ‘differentialism’ and ‘the partnership method’. The relationship of these to future educational developments is explored. The article also examines MacMunn’s later work, which began to broaden his thinking into a wider theory of human relations, and which stemmed from taking charge of his own school as well as his disillusion with the First World War. It situates MacMunn within the broader development of progressivism and makes the case for him as being an important figure in the emergence of progressive thinking.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives License, which permits non-commercial re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, and is not altered, transformed, or built upon in any way.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Progressivism, freedom, play, Montessori, experimental schooling
Subjects: H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences > School of Social, Political and Global Studies
Depositing User: Symplectic
Date Deposited: 20 Jun 2022 14:43
Last Modified: 20 Jun 2022 14:43

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