Abubakar, AB, Bautista, TG, Dimmock, MR, Mazzone, SB and Farrell, MJ (2021) Behavioral and Regional Brain Responses to Inhalation of Capsaicin Modified by Painful Conditioning in Humans. Chest, 159 (3). 1136 - 1146. ISSN 0012-3692

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BACKGROUND: Cough is a defense mechanism that protects the airways and lungs in response to airway irritation. The sensory neurons involved in detecting airway irritants and the neural pathways mediating cough share similarities with those that encode pain from the body. Painful conditioning stimuli applied to one body site are known to reduce the perception of pain at another. However, whether the neural regulation of cough is influenced by painful stimuli is not known. RESEARCH QUESTION: What are the behavioral and neural outcomes of painful conditioning stimuli on urge-to-cough (UTC) and cough evoked by inhaled capsaicin? STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: Sixteen healthy participants underwent psychophysical testing and functional MRI while completing a series of capsaicin inhalations to induce UTC and cough. The responses associated with capsaicin inhalation without pain were compared with those after the application of painful conditioning stimuli. RESULTS: Significant decreases were seen behaviorally of 18.7% ± 17.3% (P < .001) and 47.0% ± 30.8% (P < .001) in participants' UTC ratings and cough frequencies, respectively, during the application of pain. UTC ratings were reduced by 24.2% ± 36.5% (P < .005) and increased by 67% ± 40% (P < .001) for capsaicin and saline inhalation, respectively, during the scanning session. Painful conditioning stimuli were associated with widespread decreases in regional brain responses to capsaicin inhalation (P < .001). Several brain regions showed levels of reduced activation attributable to painful conditioning that correlated with related changes in behavioral responses during scanning (R2 = 0.53). INTERPRETATION: Pain-related decreases of cough and UTC are accompanied by widespread changes in brain activity during capsaicin inhalation, suggesting that pain can modify the central processing of inputs arising from the airways. A mechanistic understanding of how cough and pain processing interact within the brain may help develop more effective therapies to reduce unwanted coughing.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: The final version of this article and all relevant information related to it, including copyrights, can be found on the publisher website.
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0321 Neuroscience. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatry
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC346 Neurology. Diseases of the nervous system, including speech disorders
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > School of Allied Health Professions
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Depositing User: Symplectic
Date Deposited: 26 Jul 2022 09:36
Last Modified: 26 Jul 2022 09:36
URI: https://eprints.keele.ac.uk/id/eprint/11125

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