De Quincey, EJ and Mitchell, J (2022) Card Sorting for User Experience Design. Interacting with Computers, 33 (4). 442 - 457. ISSN 0953-5438

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This paper reviews types and uses of card sorting and how a relatively unpopularized variation of card sorting-'repeated single-criterion sorting'-can be applied to the information architecture design of digital music services. A total of 52 respondents were asked to sort, using their own choice of criteria, 12 popular songs using an online card sorting tool. Once respondents had chosen a construct for a particular sort e.g. 'Genre', they placed each card into a named category, e.g. 'Rock', 'Pop', and were encouraged to repeat this process until they could think of no more constructs. High levels of agreement were found for a small number of constructs such as 'genre', 'gender' and 'speed of song', but the remaining constructs were individual to each respondent e.g. 'songs that make me cry'. The results highlighted differences with current approaches to music categorization, as well as the potential for repeated single-criterion sorting to be used to design faceted navigation structures and form part of the user-centred design process.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: © The Author(s) 2022. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of The British Computer Society. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail: This article is published and distributed under the terms of the Oxford University Press, Standard Journals Publication Model ( The final version of this article and all relevant information related to it, including copyrights, can be found on the publisher website.
Uncontrolled Keywords: UX); user experience (UXD; user-centered design (UCD); faceted navigation; information architecture; card sorting; requirements elicitation
Subjects: T Technology > T Technology (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Natural Sciences > School of Computing and Mathematics
Depositing User: Symplectic
Date Deposited: 26 Jul 2022 13:50
Last Modified: 13 Oct 2022 14:03

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