Brown, SJ, Kline, RA, Synowsky, SA, Shirran, SL, Holt, I, Sillence, KA, Claus, P, Wirth, B, Wishart, TM and Fuller, HR (2022) The proteome signatures of fibroblasts from patients with severe, intermediate and mild spinal muscular atrophy show limited overlap. Cells, 11 (17). ISSN 2073-4409

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Most research to characterise the molecular consequences of spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) have focused on SMA I. Here, proteomic profiling of skin fibroblasts from severe (SMA I), intermediate (SMA II), and mild (SMA III) patients, alongside age-matched controls was conducted using SWATH mass spectrometry analysis. Differentially expressed proteome profiles showed limited overlap across each SMA type, and variability was greatest within SMA II fibroblasts which was not explained by SMN2 copy number. Despite limited proteomic overlap, enriched canonical pathways common to two of three SMA severities with at least one differentially expressed pro-tein from the third included mTOR signaling, regulation of eIF2 and eIF4 signaling, and protein ubiquitination. Network expression clustering analysis identified protein profiles that may dis-criminate or correlate with SMA severity. From these clusters, the differential expression of PYGB (SMA I), RAB3B (SMA II), and IMP1 and STAT1 (SMA III) was verified by western blot. All SMA fibroblasts were transfected with an SMN-enhanced construct but only RAB3B expression in SMA II fibroblasts demonstrated an SMN-dependent response. The diverse proteome profiles and pathways identified here pave the way for studies to determine their utility as biomarkers for patient stratification or monitoring treatment efficacy, and for identification of severity-specific treatments.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC925 Diseases of the musculoskeletal system
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > School of Medicine
Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > School of Pharmacy and Bioengineering
Depositing User: Symplectic
Date Deposited: 18 Aug 2022 14:38
Last Modified: 13 Apr 2023 10:25

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