Yu, D, Wang, Z, Cai, Y, Osuagwu, UL, Pickering, K, Baker, J, Cutfield, R, Orr-Walker, BJ, Sundborn, G, Jayanatha, K, Zhao, Z and Simmons, D (2022) Ethnic differences in 25-year risk of incident chronic kidney disease among people with type 2 diabetes in New Zealand. BMJ Open Diabetes Research and Care, 10 (6). ISSN 2052-4897

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INTRODUCTION: Insights into ethnic differences in the natural history of chronic kidney disease (CKD) among people with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) might inform clinical strategies to address disparities in hospitalization and mortality. Risks of CKD II-V stages over a 25-year period between New Zealand Europeans (NZEs), Māori and Pasifika, and with T2DM in Auckland, New Zealand (NZ) were compared. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: As a primary care audit program in Auckland, the Diabetes Care Support Service was linked with national registration databases. People with existing CKD II-V were ruled out. To balance potential confounders, we applied a tapered matching method . 'Quasi-trial'-matched cohorts were set up separately between Māori and NZE and between Pasifika and NZE. Ethnic population differences in risk of any and each stage of CKD over 1994-2018 were examined by weighted Cox regression model. RESULTS: The HRs for developing any CKD, CKD stages II-V for Māori (n=2215) versus NZE (n=2028) were 1.18 (95% CI 0.99 to 1.41), 1.10 (95% CI 0.91 to 1.32), 1.70 (95% CI 1.19 to 2.43), 3.93 (95% CI 2.16 to 7.14), and 3.74 (95% CI 1.74 to 8.05), respectively. Compared with NZE (n=2474), the HRs for developing any CKD, CKD stages II-V for Pasifika (n=3101) were 1.31 (95% CI 1.09 to 1.57), 1.26 (95% CI 1.05 to 1.52), 1.71 (95% CI 1.14 to 2.57), 3.75 (95% CI 1.40 to 10.05), and 4.96 (95% CI 1.56 to 15.75), respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Among people with T2DM in NZ, significant ethnic differences exist in the risk of progressing to each stage of CKD (stage V in particular). Mechanism studies underlying these differences, as well as the need for identification of biomarkers to predict the early onset renal lesion, are warranted.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: © Author(s) (or their employer(s)) 2022. Re-use permitted under CC BY-NC. No commercial re-use. See rights and permissions. Published by BMJ. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/ This is an open access article distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial (CC BY-NC 4.0) license, which permits others to distribute, remix, adapt, build upon this work non-commercially, and license their derivative works on different terms, provided the original work is properly cited, appropriate credit is given, any changes made indicated, and the use is non-commercial. See: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Type 2 Diabetes; Ethnic Groups; Kidney Failure; Chronic; Cohort Studies
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC660 Diabetes
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC902 Nephrology
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > School of Medicine
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Symplectic
Date Deposited: 23 Jan 2023 16:41
Last Modified: 07 Mar 2023 11:12
URI: https://eprints.keele.ac.uk/id/eprint/11849

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