Alabas, OA, Mason, KJ, Yiu, ZZN, Hampton, PJ, Reynolds, NJ, Owen, CM, Bewley, A, Laws, PM, Warren, RB, Lunt, M, Smith, CH and Griffiths, CEM (2023) Effectiveness and persistence of acitretin, ciclosporin, fumaric acid esters and methotrexate for patients with moderate-to-severe psoriasis: a cohort study from BADBIR. British Journal of Dermatology. ISSN 0007-0963

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Background Real-world data evaluating effectiveness and persistence of systemic therapies for patients with psoriasis are limited. Objectives To determine the effectiveness and persistence of acitretin, ciclosporin, fumaric acid esters (FAEs) and methotrexate in patients with moderate-to-severe psoriasis. Methods Data from The British Association of Dermatologists Biologics and Immunomodulators Register (BADBIR), a prospective, multi-centre pharmacovigilance register of patients with moderate-to-severe psoriasis receiving biologic and/or conventional systemic therapies, were analysed. Eligible patients were ≥16 years of age receiving a first course of acitretin, ciclosporin, FAEs or methotrexate between 2007 and 2021 with ≥6 months’ follow-up. Effectiveness was defined as achieving absolute Psoriasis Area and Severity Index (aPASI) ≤ 2 reported ≥4 weeks after treatment start date until stop date. To identify baseline clinical variables associated with treatment effectiveness, we used multivariable logistic regression models estimating the adjusted odds ratio (aOR) of achieving aPASI ≤2. To describe drug persistence associated with ineffectiveness, occurrence of adverse events or other reasons of discontinuation, survival estimates with 95% confidence interval (CI) were obtained using a flexible parametric model. Results were obtained using multiple imputed data. Results In total, 5430 patients were included in the analysis: 1023 (19%) on acitretin, 1401 (26%) ciclosporin, 347 (6%) FAEs and 2659 (49%) methotrexate at registration. The proportion of patients who achieved aPASI ≤ 2 was lower with acitretin 118 (21%) compared with those on ciclosporin 233 (34%), FAEs 43 (30%) and methotrexate 372 (32%). Factors associated with ineffectiveness included prior experience to previous non-biologic systemic therapies (acitretin) [(aOR, (95% CI) 0.64 (0.42, 0.96)], male sex (methotrexate) 0.58 (0.46, 0.74), co-morbidities 0.70 (0.51, 0.97) and alcohol consumption (≤14 units per week) (ciclosporin) 0.70 (0.50, 0.98). Persistence associated with all reasons of discontinuation showed better survival for methotrexate compared with acitretin, ciclosporin and FAEs cohorts at 12 months [(Survival estimate (95% CI), 46.1 (44.0, 48.3), 31.9 (29.4, 34.7), 30.0 (27.5, 32.4) and 35.0 (29.9, 40.9)], respectively. Conclusions The real-world effectiveness and persistence of acitretin, ciclosporin, FAEs and methotrexate were generally low. Previous non-biologic systemic therapies, male sex, comorbidities and alcohol consumption were risk factors associated with treatment ineffectiveness.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: © The Author(s) 2023. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of British Association of Dermatologists. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted reuse, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > School of Medicine
Depositing User: Symplectic
Date Deposited: 08 Feb 2023 09:15
Last Modified: 08 Feb 2023 09:15

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