Devlin, AJ, Mycroft-West, CJ, Turnbull, JE, Lima, MAD, Guerrini, M, Yates, EA and Skidmore, MA (2023) Analysis of Heparin Samples by Attenuated Total Reflectance Fourier-Transform Infrared Spectroscopy in the Solid State. ACS Central Science. ISSN 2374-7943

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Heparin is a polydisperse, heterogeneous polysaccharide of the glycosaminoglycan (GAG) class that has found widespread clinical use as a potent anticoagulant and is classified as an essential medicine by the World Health Organization. The importance of rigorous monitoring and quality control of pharmaceutical heparin was highlighted in 2008, when the existing regulatory procedures failed to identify a life-threatening adulteration of pharmaceutical heparin with oversulfated chondroitin sulfate (OSCS). The subsequent contamination crisis resulted in the exploration of alternative approaches for which the use of multidimensional nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy techniques and multivariate analysis emerged as the gold standard. This procedure is, however, technically demanding and requires access to expensive equipment. An alternative approach, utilizing attenuated total reflectance-Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (ATR-FTIR) combined with multivariate analysis, has been developed. The method described enables the differentiation of diverse GAG samples, the classification of samples of distinct species provenance, and the detection of both established heparin contaminants and alien polysaccharides. This methodology has sensitivity comparable to that of NMR and can facilitate the rapid, cost-effective monitoring and analysis of pharmaceutical heparin. It is therefore suitable for future deployment throughout the supply chain.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: © 2023 The Authors. Published by American Chemical Society The final version of this article and all relevant information related to it, including copyrights, can be found on the publisher website.
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Q Science > QD Chemistry
Depositing User: Symplectic
Date Deposited: 06 Mar 2023 09:54
Last Modified: 06 Mar 2023 09:54

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