Demory, B-O, Sulis, S, Valdes, EM, Delrez, L, Brandeker, A, Billot, N, Fortier, A, Hoyer, S, Sousa, SG, Heng, K, Lendl, M, Krenn, A, Morris, BM, Patel, JA, Alibert, Y, Alonso, R, Anglada, G, Barczy, T, Barrado, D, Barros, SCC, Baumjohann, W, Beck, M, Beck, T, Benz, W, Bonfils, X, Broeg, C, Buder, M, Cabrera, J, Charnoz, S, Cameron, AC, Cottard, H, Csizmadia, S, Davies, MB, Deleuil, M, Demangeon, ODS, Ehrenreich, D, Erikson, A, Fossati, L, Fridlund, M, Gandolfi, D, Gillon, M, Guedel, M, Isaak, KG, Kiss, LL, Laskar, J, des Etangs, AL, Lovis, C, Luntzer, A, Magrin, D, Marafatto, L, Maxted, PFL, Nascimbeni, V, Olofsson, G, Ottensamer, R, Pagano, I, Palle, E, Peter, G, Piotto, G, Pollacco, D, Queloz, D, Ragazzoni, R, Rando, N, Ratti, F, Rauer, H, Ribas, I, Santos, NC, Scandariato, G, Segransan, D, Simon, AE, Smith, AMS, Steller, M, Szabo, GM, Thomas, N, Udry, S, Van Grootel, V and Walton, NA (2023) 55 Cancri e's occultation captured with CHEOPS. Astronomy & Astrophysics, 669. ISSN 0004-6361

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Past occultation and phase-curve observations of the ultra-short period super-Earth 55 Cnc e obtained at visible and infrared wavelengths have been challenging to reconcile with a planetary reflection and emission model. In this study, we analyse a set of 41 occultations obtained over a two-year timespan with the CHEOPS satellite. We report the detection of 55 Cnc e’s occultation with an average depth of 12 ± 3 ppm. We derive a corresponding 2σ upper limit on the geometric albedo of Ag < 0.55 once decontaminated from the thermal emission measured by Spitzer at 4.5 µm. CHEOPS’s photometric performance enables, for the first time, the detection of individual occultations of this super-Earth in the visible and identifies short-timescale photometric corrugations likely induced by stellar granulation. We also find a clear 47.3-day sinusoidal pattern in the time-dependent occultation depths that we are unable to relate to stellar noise, nor instrumental systematics, but whose planetary origin could be tested with upcoming JWST occultation observations of this iconic super-Earth.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Open Access article, published by EDP Sciences, under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. This article is published in open access under the Subscribe-to-Open model. Subscribe to A&A to support open access publication.
Uncontrolled Keywords: planets and satellites: individual: 55 Cnc e; techniques: photometric; methods: observational
Subjects: Q Science > QB Astronomy
Q Science > QB Astronomy > QB460 Astrophysics
Divisions: Faculty of Natural Sciences > School of Chemical and Physical Sciences
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Symplectic
Date Deposited: 23 Mar 2023 16:15
Last Modified: 14 Apr 2023 11:24

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