Khan, R and Morrissey, O (2023) Income diversification and household welfare in Uganda 1992-2012. Food Policy, 116 (102421). ISSN 0306-9192

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We use five waves of household surveys in Uganda, from 1992/3 to 2011/12, to study income diversification and its effect on the welfare of rural and urban households during a period of sustained economic growth and poverty reduction, comparing the 1990s to the 2000s, and disaggregating by gender of the household head. Diversification is measured in terms of access to incomes from agriculture (farming), agricultural wage, self-employment (informal), wage employment and remittances. The analysis shows substantial and evolving variation in the effects of diversification across rural/urban locations and gender of the household head. Diversification became increasingly beneficial for welfare over time in rural areas, particularly for male headed households, but not for female headed households that diversified into agricultural wage employment. Diversification was also important for the livelihoods of urban households, but with large differences across male and female headed households likely reflecting differentials in the returns to non-agricultural employment. Remittances were associated with increasing welfare in the 2000s for all households, although the proportion of households receiving remittances has been declining.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Crown Copyright © 2023 Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HA Statistics
H Social Sciences > HB Economic Theory
H Social Sciences > HC Economic History and Conditions
Divisions: Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences > Keele Business School
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Symplectic
Date Deposited: 26 Apr 2023 10:49
Last Modified: 26 Apr 2023 10:49

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