Bashar, H, Bharadwaj, A, Matetić, A, Ullah, W, Beasley, DL, Bullock-Palmer, RP, Curzen, N and Mamas, MA (2022) Invasive Management and In-Hospital Outcomes of Myocardial Infarction Patients in United States Safety-Net Hospitals. Cardiovasc Revasc Med, 49. 7 - 12.

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AIM: Safety-net hospitals (SNHs) look after a higher proportion of uninsured patients and are often located in deprived areas. This study aimed to determine whether there are differences in the clinical characteristics, treatments and outcomes of patients presenting with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in SNHs versus non-SNHs (N-SNHs). METHODS: All hospitalizations with a principal diagnosis of AMI in the United States' National Inpatient Sample between 2016 and 2019 were stratified by safety-net hospital status. Multivariable logistic regression with adjusted odds ratios (aOR) and 95 % confidence intervals (95 % CI) was conducted to investigate invasive management and clinical outcomes. RESULTS: A total of 2,544,009 weighted discharge records were analyzed, including 601,719 records from SNHs (23.7 %). Compared with N-SNHs, SNH AMI patients were younger (median 66 years vs. 67 years, p < 0.001), and had a higher proportion in the lowest quartile of median household income (37.3 % vs. 28.5 %, p < 0.001). Patients from SNHs were less likely to receive coronary angiography (aOR 0.92, 95 % CI 0.91-0.93, p < 0.001), percutaneous coronary intervention (aOR 0.94, 95 % CI 0.93-0.95, p < 0.001), and coronary artery bypass grafting (aOR 0.93, 95 % CI 0.92-0.94, p < 0.001). In addition, they had increased all-cause mortality (aOR 1.11, 95 % CI 1.09-1.12, p < 0.001), major adverse cardiovascular/cerebrovascular events (composite of mortality, stroke and reinfarction) (aOR 1.11, 95 % CI 1.09-1.12, p < 0.001), and stroke (aOR 1.11, 95 % CI 1.08-1.14, p < 0.001), while there was no difference in major bleeding (aOR 1.02, 95 % CI 1.00-1.04, p = 0.107). CONCLUSION: Among AMI patients, treatment in SNHs was associated with lower utilization of coronary angiography and revascularization and worse clinical outcomes.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Please refer to the T&Cs of the CC-BY licence
Uncontrolled Keywords: Acute myocardial infarction Safety-net hospitals Invasive management Outcomes
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > School of Medicine
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Symplectic
Date Deposited: 03 May 2023 09:09
Last Modified: 03 May 2023 09:09

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