Wolf, P, Moor, R, Lundberg, A, Nester, C, Arndt, A and Graf, E (2022) The ankle joint: In contrast to passive kinematics, active kinematics are not primarily determined by morphological features. ResearchSquare.

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Knowledge about the orientation of the ankle joint axis is limited to studies of tarsal morphology and of quasistatic movements. The aim of our study was therefore to determine the axis during walking. Intracortical bone pins were used to monitor the kinematics of the talus and tibia of five healthy volunteers. The finite helical axis was determined for moving windows of 10% stance phase and its orientation reported if the rotation about the axis was more than 2°. A representative axis for ankle dorsi- and plantarflexion was also estimated based on tarsal morphology. As reported by literature, the morphology-based axes were inclined more medially upwards for dorsiflexion than for plantarflexion. However, when a mean of the finite helical axis orientations was calculated for each walking trial for dorsiflexion (stance phase 15-25%) and for plantarflexion (stance phase 85-95%), the inclination was less medially upwards in dorsiflexion than in plantarflexion in four out of five participants. Thus, it appears that the inclination of the ankle joint axis for dynamic loading situations cannot be estimated from either morphology or quasi-static experiments. Future studies assessing muscle activity, ligament behaviour and articulating surfaces may help to identify the determining factors for the orientation of the ankle joint axis.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This is currently a preprint article currently under review in Scientific Reports. All information related to this article can be found on the publisher website. https://www.researchsquare.com/article/rs-1595514/v1
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > School of Allied Health Professions
Depositing User: Symplectic
Date Deposited: 12 May 2023 14:26
Last Modified: 12 May 2023 14:26
URI: https://eprints.keele.ac.uk/id/eprint/12637

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