Uche, F, Drijfhout, FP, McCullagh, J, Richardson, A and Li, W (2016) Cytotoxicity Effects and Apoptosis Induction by Bisbenzylisoquinoline Alkaloids from Triclisia subcordata. Phytotherapy Research, 30 (9). pp. 1533-1539. ISSN 1099-1573

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Triclisia subcordata Oliv (Menispermeaceae) is a medicinal plant traditionally used for the treatment of various diseases in West Africa. The ethanol extract of T. subcordata and its fractions were screened for in vitro anti‐ovarian cancer activities using the Sulforhodamine B assay. The crude alkaloids showed the strongest activity in cell growth assays on Ovcar‐8 and A2780 cell lines (IC50 < 2.4 µg/mL). A bisbenzylisoquinoline alkaloid‐cycleanine was isolated using HPLC and identified by mass spectrometry and nuclear magnetic resonance analyses. The IC50 values of cycleanine and tetrandrine (an alkaloid previously reported from this plant) ranged from 7 to 14 μM on Ovcar‐8, A2780, Ovcar‐4, and Igrov‐1 ovarian cancer cell lines. The IC50 of cycleanine on human normal ovarian surface epithelial cells was 35 ± 1 μM, hinting at modest selectivity toward cancer cells. Both cycleanine and tetrandrine caused apoptosis as shown by activation of caspases 3/7 and cleavage of poly(ADP‐ribose) polymerase to form poly(ADP‐ribose) polymerase‐1 by using western blot analysis. Flow cytometry analyses showed that the percentages of apoptotic cells and cells in subG1 phase increased after exposure of cycleanine and tetrandrine to Ovcar‐8 cells for 48 h compared with control. Cycleanine, like its isomer tetrandrine isolated from T. subcordata, could be a potential new anti‐ovarian cancer agent acting through the apoptosis pathway.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This is the accepted author manuscript (AAM). The final published version (version of record) is available online via Wiley at https://doi.org/10.1002/ptr.5660 Please refer to any applicable terms of use of the publisher.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Triclisia subcordata;cycleanine;tetrandrine;antiproliferation;apoptosis;ovarian cancer
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > Institute for Science and Technology in Medicine
Depositing User: Symplectic
Date Deposited: 14 Jun 2016 08:09
Last Modified: 23 Aug 2018 14:25
URI: https://eprints.keele.ac.uk/id/eprint/1841

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