Radburn, M, Stott, CJT, Bradford, B and Robinson, M (2016) When is policing fair?: groups, identity and judgements of the procedural justice of coercive crowd policing. Policing and Society: an international journal of research and policy, 28 (6). pp. 647-664. ISSN 1477-2728

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Procedural justice theory (PJT) is now a widely utilised theoretical perspective in policing research that acknowledges the centrality of police ‘fairness’. Despite its widespread acceptance this paper asserts that there are conceptual limitations that emerge when applying the theory to the policing of crowd events. This paper contends that this problem with PJT is a result of specific assumptions that are highlighted by two studies using a novel experimental approach. Study 1 systematically manipulated the social categories used to describe crowd participants subjected to police coercion. The experiment demonstrates how these social categories dramatically affected participants’ perceptions of the same police action and that it was participants’ relational identification with the police, rather than a superordinate category, that mediated the association between judgements of procedural fairness and intentions to cooperate. In Study 2, using a quasi-experimental design, we then replicated and extended these findings by demonstrating how perceptions of procedural fairness are also influenced by levels of in-group identification. The paper concludes by exploring the implications of the data for reconceptualising the social psychological processes mediating these judgements and impacts of police legitimacy.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Policing and Society on 23 September 2016, available online: http://www.tandfonline.com/10.1080/10439463.2016.1234470
Uncontrolled Keywords: procedural justice, social identity, policing, crowds
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Faculty of Natural Sciences > School of Psychology
Depositing User: Symplectic
Date Deposited: 22 Sep 2016 08:59
Last Modified: 08 Apr 2019 10:57
URI: https://eprints.keele.ac.uk/id/eprint/2222

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