Peacock, JH (2016) 'My thoughts shifted from the past to the future': Time and (autobio)graphic representation in Miné Okubo’s Citizen 13660. Journal of Postcolonial Writing, 52 (4). pp. 445-463. ISSN 1744-9863

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This article explores time in Miné Okubo’s graphic memoir Citizen 13660. Drawing on the work of Homi Bhabha, and comics scholars like Thierry Groensteen, it argues that Okubo’s complex representation of time serves several functions. First, it undermines expectations of the linear memoir form by making links between different panels, thus forcing the reader to reconsider historical continuities and breaks. Secondly, it shows how authority figures responsible for the internment of Japanese Americans during World War II consciously manipulated ideas of time, history and lineage in order to cast Japanese Americans as dangerous others. Thirdly it reveals, how ironic contrasts between words and images in Citizen 13660 serve to undermine racialized ideological constructions and begin to deconstruct hegemonic ideas about national identity and belonging.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This is an accepted manuscript of a paper published in the Journal of Postcolonial Writing, and available from
Uncontrolled Keywords: literature, criticism, Miné Okubo, Citizen 13660, time, Japanese Americans, World War Two, graphic autobiography, Second World War
Subjects: P Language and Literature > PN Literature (General) > PN0080 Criticism
Divisions: Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences > School of Humanities
Depositing User: Symplectic
Date Deposited: 11 Oct 2016 08:15
Last Modified: 26 Feb 2021 14:50

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