Kadam, UT, Blagojevic, M and Belcher, J (2013) Statin use and clinical osteoarthritis in the general population: a longitudinal study. Journal of General Internal Medicine, 28 (7). 943 - 949. ISSN 1525-1497

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BACKGROUND: One hypothesis has posited whether abnormal lipid metabolism might be a causal factor in the pathogenesis of osteoarthritis (OA). Routine statin use in clinical practice provides the basis for a natural experiment in testing this hypothesis. OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that statins reduce the long-term occurrence of clinically defined OA. DESIGN: Cohort design with a 10-year follow-up. PARTICIPANTS: 16,609 adults cardiovascular disease cohorts aged 40 years and over from the UK General Practice Research Database with data available to 31 December 2006. INTERVENTION: Statins were summarised as annual mean daily dose and dose change over two-year time periods. MAIN MEASURES: Incident episode of clinically defined osteoarthritis was assessed within 2 years, and at 4-year and 10-year follow-up time periods, using Cox and discrete time survival analysis. Covariates included age, gender, deprivation, body mass index, cholesterol level, pain-modifying drug co-therapies, and duration and severity of cardiovascular disease. KEY RESULTS: Higher therapeutic dose of statin, with a treatment duration of at least 2 years was associated with a significant reduction in clinical OA compared to non-statin users in the follow-up time period. The estimated adjusted rate ratios were as follows: lowest statin dose quartile 1: 2.5 (95 % CI 2.3, 2.9); quartile 2: 1.3 (1.1, 1.5); quartile 3: 0.8 (0.7, 0.95); and highest statin dose quartile 4: 0.4 (0.3, 0.5). The largest statin dose increments were associated with significant reductions estimated at 18 % in OA outcome within 2 years and 40 % after 4 years, compared to non-statin users. CONCLUSIONS: This longitudinal study from a national clinical practice setting provides evidence that higher statin dose and larger statin dose increments were associated with a reduction in clinically defined OA outcome.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits any use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author(s) and the source are credited.
Uncontrolled Keywords: aged, 80 and over, cohort studies, female, follow-up studies, humans, hydroxymethylglutaryl-coa reductase inhibitors, longitudinal studies, male, middle aged, osteoarthritis, population surveillance, public aspects of medicine, treatment outcome
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > Primary Care Health Sciences
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Symplectic
Date Deposited: 24 Oct 2016 08:18
Last Modified: 24 Oct 2016 08:50
URI: https://eprints.keele.ac.uk/id/eprint/2321

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