Drew, JE, Gonzalez-Solares, E, Greimel, R, Irwin, MJ and Wright, NJ (2014) The VST Photometric Hα Survey of the Southern Galactic Plane and Bulge (VPHAS+). Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 440 (3). pp. 2036-2058. ISSN 1365-2966

[thumbnail of MNRAS-2014-Drew-2036-58.pdf]
MNRAS-2014-Drew-2036-58.pdf - Published Version

Download (4MB) | Preview


The VST Photometric Hα Survey of the Southern Galactic Plane and Bulge (VPHAS+) is surveying the southern Milky Way in u, g, r, i and Hα at ∼1 arcsec angular resolution. Its footprint spans the Galactic latitude range −5o < b < +5° at all longitudes south of the celestial equator. Extensions around the Galactic Centre to Galactic latitudes ±10° bring in much of the Galactic bulge. This European Southern Observatory public survey, begun on 2011 December 28, reaches down to ∼20th magnitude (10σ) and will provide single-epoch digital optical photometry for ∼300 million stars. The observing strategy and data pipelining are described, and an appraisal of the segmented narrow-band Hα filter in use is presented. Using model atmospheres and library spectra, we compute main-sequence (u − g), (g − r), (r − i) and (r − Hα) stellar colours in the Vega system. We report on a preliminary validation of the photometry using test data obtained from two pointings overlapping the Sloan Digital Sky Survey. An example of the (u − g, g − r) and (r − Hα, r − i) diagrams for a full VPHAS+ survey field is given. Attention is drawn to the opportunities for studies of compact nebulae and nebular morphologies that arise from the image quality being achieved. The value of the u band as the means to identify planetary-nebula central stars is demonstrated by the discovery of the central star of NGC 2899 in survey data. Thanks to its excellent imaging performance, the VLT Survey Telescope (VST)/OmegaCam combination used by this survey is a perfect vehicle for automated searches for reddened early-type stars, and will allow the discovery and analysis of compact binaries, white dwarfs and transient sources.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This article has been accepted for publication in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society © 2014 The Authors. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
Uncontrolled Keywords: surveys stars, general H II regions planetary nebulae, general Galaxy, bulge Galaxy, disc
Subjects: Q Science > QB Astronomy > QB460 Astrophysics
Divisions: Faculty of Natural Sciences > School of Physical and Geographical Sciences
Depositing User: Symplectic
Date Deposited: 12 Dec 2016 12:25
Last Modified: 15 Nov 2017 10:21
URI: https://eprints.keele.ac.uk/id/eprint/2625

Actions (login required)

View Item
View Item