Hartley, J (2014) Some thoughts on Likert-type scales. International Journal of Clinical and Health Psychology, 14 (1). 83 -86. ISSN 1697-2600

[thumbnail of hartley_2014.pdf]
hartley_2014.pdf - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives.

Download (502kB) | Preview


Many articles published in the International Journal of Clinical and Health Psychology describe the results obtained in studies that have used Likert-type scales. Such scales have advantages and disadvantages and in this article I comment on some of these. In particular I comment on the effects of using scales that start with the positive end and finish with the negative one, and on those that present high ratings on the left - as opposed to the right. I also consider that scores on negatively-worded items differ from those obtained on positively-worded ones and that it is not, therefore, appropriate to simply reverse the scores obtained on such items. Finally, I note that some items on these scales present more than one issue and it is hard to know whether when responding to these items, respondents are responding to all of the item or just one part.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This is the final published version of the article (version of record). It first appeared online via Elsevier at http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1697-2600(14)70040-7 - please refer to any applicable terms of use of the publisher. Open Access funded by Asociacion Espanola de Psicologia Conductual.
Uncontrolled Keywords: psychology
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Faculty of Natural Sciences > School of Psychology
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Symplectic
Date Deposited: 19 Dec 2016 15:00
Last Modified: 23 May 2019 08:36
URI: https://eprints.keele.ac.uk/id/eprint/2688

Actions (login required)

View Item
View Item