Williams, HL and Moulin, CJA (2015) Know versus Familiar: Differentiating states of awareness in others' subjective reports of recognition. Memory, 23 (7). 981 -990. ISSN 1464-0686

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In the Remember-Know paradigm whether a Know response is defined as a high-confidence state of certainty or a low-confidence state based on familiarity varies across researchers and can influence participants' responses. The current experiment was designed to explore differences between the states of Know and Familiar. Participants studied others' justification statements to "Know" recognition decisions and separated them into two types. Crucially, participants were not provided definitions of Know and Familiar on which to sort the items--their judgements were based solely on the phenomenology described in the justifications. Participants' sorting decisions were shown to reliably map onto expert classification of Know and Familiar. Post-task questionnaire responses demonstrated that both the level of memory detail and confidence expressed in the justifications were central to how participants categorised the items. In sum, given no instructions to do so, participants classify Familiar and Know according to two dimensions: confidence and amount of information retrieved.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This is the accepted author manuscript (AAM). The final published version (version of record) is available online via Taylor and Francis at http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09658211.2014.945460 - please refer to any applicable terms of use of the publisher.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Dual-process, Familiarity, Recognition, Remember–Know, Subjective experience, Adolescent, Adult, Awareness, Cues, Decision Making, Female, Humans, Judgment, Male, Mental Recall, Recognition (Psychology), Retention (Psychology), Surveys and Questionnaires, Young Adult
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Faculty of Natural Sciences > School of Psychology
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Symplectic
Date Deposited: 26 Jan 2017 09:21
Last Modified: 27 Jan 2017 10:26
URI: https://eprints.keele.ac.uk/id/eprint/2824

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