Reicher, S, Hopkins, N, Khan, SS, Tewari, S and Srinivasan, N (2015) Explaining effervescence: investigating the relationship between shared social identity and positive experience in crowds. Cognition and Emotion, 30 (1). pp. 20-32. ISSN 0269-9931

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We investigated the intensely positive emotional experiences arising from participation in a large-scale collective event. We predicted such experiences arise when those attending a collective event are (1) able to enact their valued collective identity and (2) experience close relations with other participants. In turn, we predicted both of these to be more likely when participants perceived crowd members to share a common collective identity. We investigated these predictions in a survey of pilgrims (N = 416) attending a month-long Hindu pilgrimage festival in north India. We found participants' perceptions of a shared identity amongst crowd members had an indirect effect on their positive experience at the event through (1) increasing participants' sense that they were able to enact their collective identity and (2) increasing the sense of intimacy with other crowd members. We discuss the implications of these data for how crowd emotion should be conceptualised.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis as Hopkins, N. et al., 2015. Explaining effervescence: Investigating the relationship between shared social identity and positive experience in crowds. Cognition and Emotion, 30(1), pp.20–32. Available at:
Uncontrolled Keywords: crowds, effervescence, shared identity, positive emotion, collective self-realization
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Faculty of Natural Sciences > School of Psychology
Depositing User: Symplectic
Date Deposited: 27 Feb 2015 10:22
Last Modified: 02 May 2019 10:29

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