Jones, R, Turney, C, Lang, B, Brooks, S, Rundgren, M, Hammarlund, D, Bjorck, S and Fogwill, CJ (2017) Delayed maximum northern European summer temperatures during the Last Interglacial as a result of Greenland Ice Sheet melt. Geology, 45 (1). 23 - 26. ISSN 0091-7613

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Here we report a new quantitative mean July temperature reconstruction using non-biting midges (chironomids) from the Danish Last Interglacial (LIG) site Hollerup (spanning 127–116 ka). We find that peak mean July temperatures of 17.5 °C, similar to those of the present day (1961–1990 CE), were reached shortly before the onset of the regional Carpinus pollen zone. Through comparison to terrestrial and marine sequences we demonstrate that peak summer warmth took place some three millennia after the onset of LIG warming in Europe, a marked delay in line with records from the North Atlantic. Crucially, the warmest northern European summer temperatures appear to follow maximum Greenland Ice Sheet mass loss, implying that meltwater substantially reduced Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation and depressed European temperatures during the early part of the interglacial.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This is the final published version of the article (version of record). It first appeared online via Geological Society of America at - please refer to any applicable terms of use of the publisher.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Diptera Cenozoic Chironomidae Pleistocene North Atlantic Neoptera Pterygota sediments Arctic region Arthropoda climate change Endopterygota Greenland Atlantic Ocean Denmark Europe ocean circulation Greenland ice sheet Invertebrata paleoclimatology Scandinavia upper Pleistocene Western Europe Insecta Mandibulata Quaternary
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > G Geography (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Natural Sciences > School of Geography, Geology and the Environment
Depositing User: Symplectic
Date Deposited: 24 Aug 2017 10:05
Last Modified: 03 Apr 2019 09:34

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