Rubio-Melendi, D, Gonzalez-Quiros, A, Roberts, D, del Carmen Garcia Garcia, M, Canunedo Dominguez, A, Pringle, JK and Fernandez-Alvarez, JP (2018) GPR and ERT detection and characterization of a mass burial, Spanish Civil War, Northern Spain. Forensic Science International, 287. e1-e9. ISSN 1872-6283

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J Pringle - GPR and ERT detection and characterisation of a mass burial, Spanish Civil War, Northern Spain.pdf - Accepted Version
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Around 27,000 people were killed in the province of Asturias during the Spanish Civil War, with several thousands killed after the war ended. There are currently over 2,000 known mass burial locations throughout Spain, but many more are unknown. Geophysics is a useful tool employed to help in the active attempts to document and improve knowledge about victims from this conflict. This paper details a non-invasive study of the Cementerio de El Salvador, in the city of Oviedo, Northern Spain. Part of the cemetery contains a known mass burial with approximately 1,300 individuals from the Spanish Civil War and post-war repression eras. Multi-frequency near-surface geophysical techniques were undertaken, after permission, to enhance knowledge about which, if any, techniques should be used to detect, delineate and analyse such mass graves. Multi-frequency (250 MHz and 500 MHz) ground-penetrating radar surveys were acquired together with 2D and 3D Electrical Resistivity Tomography datasets. The results have established the limits of the mass grave and improve the knowledge of the internal mass grave structure. The paper also shows the importance of considering the climatic conditions during data acquisition. This has important implications for the successful detection of recent historical mass burials using near-surface geophysics.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This is the accepted author manuscript (AAM). The final published version (version of record) is available online via Elsevier at - please refer to any applicable terms of use of the publisher.
Uncontrolled Keywords: forensics, geophysics, mass graves, Spanish Civil War
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > G Geography (General)
Q Science > Q Science (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Natural Sciences > School of Geography, Geology and the Environment
Depositing User: Symplectic
Date Deposited: 28 Mar 2018 09:01
Last Modified: 27 Mar 2019 01:30

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