Carta, G, Nieves, MJ, Jones, IS, Movchan, NV and Movchan, AB (2018) Elastic Chiral Waveguides with Gyro-Hinges. Quarterly Journal of Mechanics and Applied Mathematics, 71 (2). 157 - 185. ISSN 1464-3855

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This article presents a novel chiral structure, consisting of Euler–Bernoulli beams connected to gyroscopic spinners. A new type of boundary condition is introduced, which is referred to as a gyro-hinge. In this system, flexural waves are coupled with rotational motion. Time-harmonic conditions are derived by assuming small nutation angles of the spinners. It is shown that the eigenfrequencies of a finite beam with gyro-hinges at one or both ends change dramatically with the moments of inertia and the spin and precession rates of the spinners. The formulation is then extended to elastic beams with periodically-spaced gyro-hinges, whose dispersion properties are investigated in detail. In particular, it is shown how stop-bands and standing modes are affected by the introduction of gyroscopic spinners at the junctions. It is also demonstrated that a periodic system composed of beams connected by gyro-hinges represents a good approximation of a gyrobeam, a theoretical structural element consisting of an elastic beam possessing a continuous distribution of stored angular momentum. The gyricity coefficient of a gyrobeam is then interpreted in terms of the physical parameters of the system of beams with gyroscopic spinners. This article opens a new perspective on the design and practical implementation of chiral mechanical systems.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This is the final published version of the article (version of record). It first appeared online via Oxford University Press at - please refer to any applicable terms of use of the publisher.
Subjects: Q Science > QC Physics
Divisions: Faculty of Natural Sciences > School of Computing and Mathematics
Depositing User: Symplectic
Date Deposited: 31 May 2018 09:02
Last Modified: 11 Feb 2019 11:51

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