Udalski, A, Ryu, Y-H, Sajadian, S, Gould, A, Mroz, P, Poleski, R, Szymanski, MK, Skowron, J, Soszynski, I, Kozlowski, S, Pietrukowicz, P, Ulaczyk, K, Pawlak, M, Rybicki, K, Iwanek, P, Albrow, MD, Chung, S-J, Han, C, Hwang, K-H, Jung, YK, Shin, I-G, Shvartzvald, Y, Yee, JC, Zang, W, Zhu, W, Cha, S-M, Kim, D-J, Kim, H-W, Kim, S-L, Lee, C-U, Lee, D-J, Lee, Y, Park, B-G, Pogge, RW, Bozza, V, Dominik, M, Helling, C, Hundertmark, M, Jorgensen, UG, Longa-Pena, P, Lowry, S, Burgdorf, M, Campbell-White, J, Ciceri, S, Evans, D, Jaimes, RF, Fujii, YI, Haikala, LK, Henning, T, Hinse, TC, Mancini, L, Peixinho, N, Rahvar, S, Rabus, M, Skottfelt, J, Snodgrass, C, Southworth, J, von Essen, C, Collaboration, OGLE, Collaboration, K and Collaboration, M (2018) OGLE-2017-BLG-1434Lb: Eighth q < 1 x 10(-4) Mass-Ratio Microlens Planet Confirms Turnover in Planet Mass-Ratio Function. Acta Astronomica, 68 (1). 1 -42. ISSN 0001-5237

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We report the discovery of a cold Super-Earth planet (m(p) = 4.4 +/- 0.5 M-circle plus) orbiting a low-mass (M = 0.23 +/- 0.03 M-circle dot) M dwarf at projected separation a(perpendicular to) l = 1.18 +/- 0.10 a.u., i.e., about 1.9 times the distance the snow line. The system is quite nearby for a microlensing planet, D-L = 0.86 +/- 0.09 kpc. Indeed, it was the large lens-source relative parallax pi(rel) = 1.0 mas (combined with the low mass M) that gave rise to the large, and thus well-measured, "microlens parallax" pi(E) proportional to (pi(rel)/M)(1)(/2) that enabled these precise measurements. OGLE-2017-BLG-1434Lb is the eighth microlensing planet with planet-host mass ratio q < 1 x 10(-4).

We apply a new planet-detection sensitivity method, which is a variant of "V/V-max", to seven of these eight planets to derive the mass-ratio function in this regime. We find dN/ d lnq proportional to q(P) , with p =1.05(-0.68)(+0.78), which confirms the "turnover" in the mass function found by Suzuki et al. relative to the power law of opposite sign n = -0.93 +/- 0.13 at higher mass ratios q greater than or similar to 2 x 10(-4). We combine our result with that of Suzuki et al. to obtain p = 0.73(-0.34)(+0.42.)

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This is the accepted author manuscript (AAM). The final published version (version of record) is available online via Copernicus Foundation for Polish Astronomy at http://acta.astrouw.edu.pl/ - please refer to any applicable terms of use of the publisher.
Uncontrolled Keywords: gravitational lensing, planetary systems
Subjects: Q Science > QB Astronomy > QB460 Astrophysics
Divisions: Faculty of Natural Sciences > School of Chemical and Physical Sciences
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Symplectic
Date Deposited: 01 Jun 2018 09:22
Last Modified: 01 Mar 2021 16:08
URI: https://eprints.keele.ac.uk/id/eprint/4969

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