Doherty, BJA and Doyle, T (2018) Friends of the Earth International: agonistic politics, modus vivendi and political change. Environmental Politics, 27 (6). pp. 1057-1078. ISSN 0964-4016

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Following criticism from some of its national member organisations that it marginalised, Southern agendas, Friends of the Earth International (FoEI), engaged in heated debates in the 2000s that aimed to address its internal political differences. FoEI defined its positions on democracy, capitalism and social transformation, reorienting itself more towards the global South. The centrality to this process of debate about broad political ideas is unusual; well established and mature organisations do not usually change identities fundamentally. In practice, FoEI did not resolve its differences, but came to a political settlement which made those differences manageable. To interpret the changes in FoEI, the concept of agonistic politics developed by Chantal Mouffe and the idea of a modus vivendi associated with so called realist (liberal) critics of ‘moralistic liberalism’ are employed. A full account of the process nevertheless requires acknowledgement of the positive effect of solidarity as enabling changes in collective identity.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This is the accepted author manuscript (AAM). The final published version (version of record) is available online via Taylor & Francis at - please refer to any applicable terms of use of the publisher.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Friends of the Earth; NGO; identity; transnational environmentalism; North–South
Subjects: J Political Science > JA Political science (General)
J Political Science > JF Political institutions (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences > School of Politics, Philosophy, International Relations and Environment
Depositing User: Symplectic
Date Deposited: 14 Sep 2018 14:26
Last Modified: 01 Apr 2021 14:25

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