Hackett, GI, Cole, N, Mulay, A, Strange, RC and Ramachandran, S (2018) Long-term testosterone therapy in type 2 diabetes is associated with decreasing waist circumference and improving erectile function. World Journal of Men's Health, 38 (1). pp. 68-77. ISSN 2287-4690

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To further characterise the beneficial impact of testosterone replacement therapy (TRT) on the association between mortality and hypogonadism (HG) in men with type 2 diabetes (T2DM). We aimed to determine firstly, if changes in cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors following TRT play a role, secondly whether the reduction in mortality is lost following TRT discontinuation and finally, the presence of subgroups where benefit may be greater.

Materials and Methods
We studied 857 men with T2DM, screened for the BLAST RCT, over 3.8 years follow‐up. The men were stratified by testosterone levels; Group 1: total testosterone (TT) >12nmol/l and free testosterone (FT) >0.25nmol/l, Group 2: TT ≤12nmol/l or FT ≤0.25nmol/l and by TRT (Group 2 further stratified into those not on TRT (Group 2a) and on TRT (Group 2b). Group 2b was further stratified by whether TRT was discontinued (Group 2b1) or not (Group 2b2). The principal outcome, mortality, was studied using Cox regression.

TRT was not associated with improvements in the CVD risk factors. The CVD risk factors (baseline and changes during follow‐up) were not associated with mortality. Men in Group 1 and Group 2b demonstrated lower mortality (reference: Group 2a) even with CVD risk factors included in regression models. Mortality was lower in the Group 2b1 (6.2%) and Group 2b2 men (0%) compared to Group 2a men (16.9%). The lower mortality associated with Group 1 and Group 2b was primarily in older (>64.6 years) and less overweight (≤93.8Kg) men.

The benefits associated with normal testosterone levels and TRT (even after discontinuation) do not appear to be related to improvements in the CVD risk factors studied. In view of TRT having greater impact in men of lower weight, better outcomes may be achieved with concurrent TRT and weight reduction programmes.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This is the final published version of the article (version of record). It first appeared online via World Journal of Men's Health at https://doi.org/10.5534/wjmh.180052M - please refer to any applicable terms of use of the publisher.
Uncontrolled Keywords: : Diabetes mellitus, type 2; Erectile dysfunction; Hypogonadism; Testosterone
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC660 Diabetes
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > Institute for Science and Technology in Medicine
Depositing User: Symplectic
Date Deposited: 19 Sep 2018 14:44
Last Modified: 30 Mar 2021 10:47
URI: https://eprints.keele.ac.uk/id/eprint/5336

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