Henderson, HM, Andrews, SJ and Lamb, ME (2019) Examining children in English High Courts with and without implementation of reforms authorized in Section 28 of the Youth Justice and Criminal Evidence Act. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 33 (2). pp. 252-264. ISSN 0888-4080

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This study examined whether the implementation of Section 28 of the Youth Justice and Criminal Evidence Act (1999) improved lawyers' questioning strategies when examining child witnesses in England. The government's Section 28 pilot study involved judges holding Ground Rules Hearings, during which restrictions and limitations were placed on the duration, content, and manner of questions to be asked. Afterwards, children's cross‐examinations were pre‐recorded and later played as part of their evidence at trial. The current study compared cases involving 6‐ to 15‐year‐old alleged victims of sexual abuse in which Section 28 was (n = 43) and was not (n = 44) implemented. Defence lawyers in Section 28 cases asked significantly fewer suggestive questions and more option‐posing questions than defence lawyers in Nonsection 28 cases. Younger children complied more with defence lawyers' suggestive questions. Ground Rules Hearings improved lawyers' questioning strategies, regardless of the case's involvement in the Section 28 pilot study.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This is the accepted author manuscript (AAM). The final published version Wiley is available online via [insert publisher name] at https://doi.org/10.1002/acp.3472 - Please refer to any applicable terms of use of the publisher.
Uncontrolled Keywords: children; cross-examination; Ground Rules Hearing; Section 28; special measures
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HV Social pathology. Social and public welfare > HV1 Criminology
H Social Sciences > HV Social pathology. Social and public welfare > HV7231 Criminal justice administration
Divisions: Faculty of Natural Sciences > School of Psychology
Depositing User: Symplectic
Date Deposited: 05 Oct 2018 09:13
Last Modified: 05 Oct 2019 01:30
URI: https://eprints.keele.ac.uk/id/eprint/5402

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