Solo, K, Martin, J, Lavi, S, Kabali, C, John-Baptiste, A, Nevis, IF, Choudhury, T, Mamas, MA and Bagur, R (2018) Antithrombotic therapy in patients receiving saphenous vein coronary artery bypass grafts: a protocol for a systematic review and network meta-analysis. BMJ Open, 8 (4). e019555 - ?. ISSN 2044-6055

[thumbnail of MMamas e019555.full.pdf]
MMamas e019555.full.pdf - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.

Download (252kB) | Preview


INTRODUCTION: The current evidence for the prevention of saphenous vein graft failure (SVGF) after coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery consists of direct head-to-head comparison of treatments (including placebo) in randomised-controlled trials (RCTs) and observational studies. However, summarising the evidence using traditional pairwise meta-analyses does not allow the inclusion of data from treatments that have not been compared head to head. Exclusion of such comparisons could impact the precision of pooled estimates in a meta-analysis. Hence, to address the challenge of whether aspirin alone or in addition to another antithrombotic agent is a more effective regimen to improve SVG patency, a network meta-analysis (NMA) is necessary. The objectives of this study are to synthesise the available evidence on antithrombotic agents (or their combination) and estimate the treatment effects among direct and indirect treatment comparisons on SVGF and major adverse cardiovascular events, and to generate a treatment ranking according to their efficacy and safety outcomes. METHODS: We will perform a systematic review of RCTs evaluating antithrombotic agents in patients undergoing CABG. A comprehensive English literature search will be conducted using electronic databases and grey literature resources to identify published and unpublished articles. Two individuals will independently and in duplicate screen potential studies, assess the eligibility of potential studies and extract data. Risk of bias and quality of evidence will also be evaluated independently and in duplicate. We will investigate the data to ensure its suitability for NMA, including adequacy of the outcome data and transitivity of treatment effects. We plan to estimate the pooled direct, indirect and the mixed effects for all antithrombotic agents using a NMA. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: Due to the nature of the study, there are no ethical concerns nor informed consent required. We anticipate that this NMA will be the first to simultaneously assess the relative effects of multiple antithrombotic agents in patients undergoing CABG. The results of this NMA will inform clinicians, patients and guideline developers the best available evidence on comparative effects benefits of antithrombotic agents after CABG while considering the side effect profile to support future clinical decision-making. We will disseminate the results of our systematic review and NMA through a peer-reviewed journal. PROSPERO REGISTRATION NUMBER: CRD42017065678.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This is an open access article available online at
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC666 Diseases of the circulatory (Cardiovascular) system
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > Primary Care Health Sciences
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Symplectic
Date Deposited: 14 Nov 2018 13:24
Last Modified: 26 Nov 2018 14:26

Actions (login required)

View Item
View Item