Jacklin, S, Maskrey, N and Chapman, SR (2018) Improving Shared Decision Making Between Patients and Clinicians: Design and Development of a Virtual Patient Simulation Tool. JMIR Medical Education, 4 (2). e10088 - ?. ISSN 2369-3762

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BACKGROUND: Shared decision making (SDM) involves the formation of a collaborative partnership between the patient and clinician combining both of their expertise in order to benefit decision making. In order for clinicians to be able to carry out this skilled task, they require practice. Virtual reality, in the form of a virtual patient, could offer a potential method of facilitating this. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to create a virtual patient that simulated a primary care consultation, affording the opportunity to practice SDM. A second aim was to involve patients in the design of a virtual patient simulation and report the process of the design. METHODS: We employed a multistep design process drawing on patient and expert involvement. RESULTS: A virtual patient, following a narrative style, was built, which allows a user to practice and receive feedback; both clinical and communication skills are required for the simulation. The patient group provided multiple insights, which the academic team had overlooked. They pertained mostly to issues concerning the patient experience. CONCLUSIONS: It is possible to design a virtual patient that allows a learner to practice their ability to conduct SDM. Patient input into the design of virtual patient simulations can be a worthwhile activity.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: ©Simon Jacklin, Neal Maskrey, Stephen Chapman. Originally published in JMIR Medical Education (http://mededu.jmir.org), 06.11.2018. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work, first published in JMIR Medical Education, is properly cited. The complete bibliographic information, a link to the original publication on http://mededu.jmir.org/, as well as this copyright and license information must be included.
Uncontrolled Keywords: clinical decision making; education; medical education; mobile phone; pharmacy education; virtual patient; virtual reality
Subjects: R Medicine > RS Pharmacy and materia medica
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > School of Pharmacy
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Depositing User: Symplectic
Date Deposited: 26 Nov 2018 12:35
Last Modified: 26 Nov 2018 12:35
URI: https://eprints.keele.ac.uk/id/eprint/5528

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