Littlewood, C, Bateman, M, Brown, K, Bury, J, Mawson, S, May, S and Walters, SJ (2015) A self-managed single exercise programme versus usual physiotherapy treatment for rotator cuff tendinopathy: a randomised controlled trial (the SELF study). Clinical Rehabilitation, 30 (7). 686 - 696. ISSN 1477-0873

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OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the clinical effectiveness of a self-managed single exercise programme versus usual physiotherapy treatment for rotator cuff tendinopathy. DESIGN: Multi-centre pragmatic unblinded parallel group randomised controlled trial. SETTING: UK National Health Service. PARTICIPANTS: Patients with a clinical diagnosis of rotator cuff tendinopathy. INTERVENTIONS: The intervention was a programme of self-managed exercise prescribed by a physiotherapist in relation to the most symptomatic shoulder movement. The control group received usual physiotherapy treatment. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The primary outcome measure was the Shoulder Pain & Disability Index (SPADI) at three months. Secondary outcomes included the SPADI at six and twelve months. RESULTS: A total of 86 patients (self-managed loaded exercise n=42; usual physiotherapy n=44) were randomised. Twenty-six patients were excluded from the analysis because of lack of primary outcome data at the 3 months follow-up, leaving 60 (n=27; n=33) patients for intention to treat analysis. For the primary outcome, the mean SPADI score at three months was 32.4 (SD 20.2) for the self-managed group, and 30.7 (SD 19.7) for the usual physiotherapy treatment group; mean difference adjusted for baseline score: 3.2 (95% Confidence interval -6.0 to +12.4 P = 0.49).By six and twelve months there remained no significant difference between the groups. CONCLUSIONS: This study does not provide sufficient evidence of superiority of one intervention over the other in the short-, mid- or long-term and hence a self-management programme based around a single exercise appears comparable to usual physiotherapy treatment.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: The final published version of this accepted article can be accessed online at
Uncontrolled Keywords: Rotator cuff tendinopathy, exercise, quality of life, rehabilitation, self-management, Adult, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Exercise Therapy, Female, Follow-Up Studies, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Rotator Cuff, Self Care, Tendinopathy, Treatment Outcome, Young Adult
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC925 Diseases of the musculoskeletal system
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > Primary Care Health Sciences
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Symplectic
Date Deposited: 03 Jan 2019 16:21
Last Modified: 03 Jan 2019 16:21

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