Cheung, DG, Buzzetti, M and Di Leva, G (2017) miRNAs in bone metastasis. Expert Review of Endocrinology and Metabolism, 12 (6). pp. 451-461. ISSN 1744-8417

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INTRODUCTION: Bone metastasis is one of the most common forms of metastasis from a number of different primary carcinomas. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are short, endogenous RNAs that negatively regulate gene expression to control essential pathways, including those involved in bone organogenesis and homeostasis. As these pathways are often hijacked during bone metastasis, it is not surprising that miRNAs can also influence bone metastasis formation. Areas covered: In this review, we first summarize the major signalling pathways involved in normal bone development and bone metastasis. We will then discuss the overall roles of miRNAs in cancer metastasis and highlight the recent findings on the effects of miRNAs in bone metastasis. To this aim, we have performed a literature search in PubMed by using the search words 'miRNAs' and 'bone metastasis', selecting relevant scientific articles published between 2010 and 2016. Seminal publications before 2010 on the metastatic role of miRNAs have also been considered. Expert commentary: With the lack of current diagnostic biomarkers and effective targeted therapies for bone metastasis, the significant role of miRNAs in the regulation of bone homeostasis and bone metastasis may support the future use of miRNAs as diagnostic biomarkers and therapeutic targets.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This is the accepted author manuscript (AAM). The final published version (version of record) is available online via Taylor & Francis at - please refer to any applicable terms of use of the publisher.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Microrna, bone homeostasis, bone metastasis, cancer, noncoding RNAs
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0254 Neoplasms. Tumors. Oncology (including Cancer)
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > Institute for Science and Technology in Medicine
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Depositing User: Symplectic
Date Deposited: 26 Apr 2019 13:39
Last Modified: 26 Apr 2019 13:39

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