Mohammed Ali, A, Hogg, P and England, A (2019) Dose optimisation in paediatric radiography – Using regression models to investigate the relative impact of acquisition factors on image quality and radiation dose. Physica Medica, 68. 61 -68. ISSN 1724-191X

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Objective To investigate the optimum pelvis X-ray acquisition factors for a 10-year-old child. Secondly, to evaluate the impact of each acquisition factor on image quality (IQ) and radiation dose. Method Images were acquired using a pelvis phantom and a range of acquisition parameters; e.g. tube potential, additional filtration and source-to-image distance (SID). Automatic exposure control (AEC) was used with two orientations (head towards/away from two outer chambers) and three different chamber selections. Visual IQ was evaluated using relative and absolute-VGA methods. Radiation doses were measured by placing a dosimeter on the anterior surface of the phantom. Regression analysis was used to determine optimum parameters. Results The optimised technique (178.8 µGy), with diagnostic IQ, was with 89kVp, 130 cm SID and with 1 mm Al + 0.1 mm Cu filtration. This technique was with the head towards the two outer AEC chambers. Regression analysis showed that SID had the lowest impact on IQ (β = 0.002 95% CI −0.001 to 0.005) and dose (β = −0.96 95% CI −0.40 to −1.53). The impact of filtration on dose (β = −76.24 95% CI −86.76 to −85.72) was higher than tube potential (β = −13.44 95% CI −14.34 to −12.53). The following impact ratios were higher on IQ than radiation dose: filtration/kVp; 11.28 times, filtration/SID; 7.01 times and kVp/SID; 0.62 times. Conclusion Optimised parameters were identified as 89 kVp, 130 cm SID and with 1 mm Al + 0.1 mm Cu additional filtration. Regression analysis demonstrated that filtration and tube potential had the greatest effect on radiation dose and IQ, respectively.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This is the final published version (version of record). It was first published online via Elsevier at - please refer to any applicable terms of use of the publisher.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Pelvis radiography; Paediatric dose reduction; Regression analysis; Exposure factor impact; Digital radiography
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > School of Allied Health Professions
Depositing User: Symplectic
Date Deposited: 19 Jun 2020 10:30
Last Modified: 23 Mar 2021 12:24

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