Anand, P and Harper, AGS (2020) Human platelets use a cytosolic Ca2+ nanodomain to activate Ca2+-dependent shape change independently of platelet aggregation. Cell Calcium, 90. ISSN 1532-1991

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Human platelets use a rise in cytosolic Ca2+ concentration to activate all stages of thrombus formation, however, how they are able to decode cytosolic Ca2+ signals to trigger each of these independently is unknown. Other cells create local Ca2+ signals to activate Ca2+-sensitive effectors specifically localised to these subcellular regions. However, no previous study has demonstrated that agonist-stimulated human platelets can generate a local cytosolic Ca2+ signal. Platelets possess a structure called the membrane complex (MC) where the main intracellular calcium store, the dense tubular system (DTS), is coupled tightly to an invaginated portion of the plasma membrane called the open canalicular system (OCS). Here we hypothesised that human platelets use a Ca2+ nanodomain created within the MC to control the earliest phases of platelet activation. Dimethyl-BAPTA-loaded human platelets were stimulated with thrombin in the absence of extracellular Ca2+ to isolate a cytosolic Ca2+ nanodomain created by Ca2+ release from the DTS. In the absence of any detectable rise in global cytosolic Ca2+ concentration, thrombin stimulation triggered Na+/Ca2+ exchanger (NCX)-dependent Ca2+ removal into the extracellular space, as well as Ca2+-dependent shape change in the absence of platelet aggregation. The NCX-mediated Ca2+ removal was dependent on the normal localisation of the DTS, and immunofluorescent staining of NCX3 demonstrated its localisation to the OCS, consistent with this Ca2+ nanodomain being formed within the MC. These results demonstrated that human platelets possess a functional Ca2+ nanodomain contained within the MC that can control shape change independently of platelet aggregation.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Calcium, nanodomain, human platelet, membrane complex, membrane contact site, shape change
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Q Science > QD Chemistry > QD415 Biochemistry
R Medicine > RM Therapeutics. Pharmacology
R Medicine > RS Pharmacy and materia medica
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > School of Pharmacy and Bioengineering
Depositing User: Symplectic
Date Deposited: 26 Jun 2020 08:30
Last Modified: 23 Jun 2021 01:30

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