O'Connell, B, Wragg, NM and Wilson, SL (2019) The use of PRP injections in the management of knee osteoarthritis. Cell and Tissue Research, 376 (2). 143 - 152. ISSN 1432-0878

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Osteoarthritis (OA) is a degenerative disease involving joint damage, an inadequate healing response and progressive deterioration of the joint architecture that commonly affects the knee and/or hip joints. It is a major world public health problem and is predicted to increase rapidly with an ageing population and escalating rate of obesity. Autologous blood-derived products possess much promise in the repair and regeneration of tissue and have important roles in inflammation, angiogenesis, cell migration and metabolism in pathological conditions, including OA. Utilising platelet-rich plasma (PRP) to treat tendon, ligament and skeletal muscle has shown variable results across many studies with the current evidence base for the efficacy of PRP in treating sports injuries remaining inconclusive. More uniformly positive results have been observed by various studies for PRP in OA knee in comparison to hyaluronic acid, other intra-articular injections and placebo than in other musculoskeletal tissue. However, methodological concerns as well as satisfactory PRP product classification prevent the true characterisation of this treatment. Thus, further research is required to investigate how leukocyte inclusion, activation and platelet concentration affect therapeutic efficacy. Furthermore, the optimisation of timing, dosage, volume, frequency and rehabilitation strategies need to be ascertained. For knee OA management, these concerns must be addressed before this promising treatment can be widely implemented.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license and indicate if changes were made.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Platelet-rich plasma, Osteoarthritis, Intra-articular injection, Knee, Repair and regeneration
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC925 Diseases of the musculoskeletal system
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > School of Primary, Community and Social Care
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Symplectic
Date Deposited: 28 Jul 2020 12:14
Last Modified: 28 Jul 2020 12:14
URI: https://eprints.keele.ac.uk/id/eprint/8427

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