Dewick, P, Pineda, J and Ramlogan, R (2020) Hand in glove Processes of formalization and the circular economy post COVID19. IEEE Engineering Management Review. 1 - 1. ISSN 0360-8581

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The effects of COVID19 have been severe in developing countries. It has been a particularly difficult time for informal small-scale farmers who live in rural areas and lack formal safety nets. These farmers are the cornerstone of national food security strategies. In this perspectives paper, we discuss how circular economy principles could help these farmers reduce their states of vulnerability whilst engaging with nonlinear pathways of formalization. We argue that circular principles can go hand-in-glove with processes of formalization as long as interventions are made to help informal small-scale farmers overcome structural problems. We make a series of recommendations for policy makers and other stakeholders.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: The final version of this article and all relevant information regarding this paper can be found at;
Uncontrolled Keywords: Economics, Sustainable development, Face, Safety, Production systems, Recycling, Circular economy, sustainability, informal economy, a gri food
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HA Statistics
S Agriculture > S Agriculture (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences > Keele Business School
Depositing User: Symplectic
Date Deposited: 10 Aug 2020 14:13
Last Modified: 04 Aug 2022 01:30

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