Robinson, DE, Lane, J, Craig, R, Judge, A, Bailey, J, Yu, D, Jordan, KP, Peat, G, Wilkie, R, Silman, A, Strauss, VY and Prieto-Alhambra, D (2020) THE DESCRIPTIVE EPIDEMIOLOGY AND SECULAR TRENDS OF LOWER BACK PAIN PROCEDURES IN ROUTINE UK NHS CARE FROM 2000 TO 2016. Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases, 79. 850 - 851. ISSN 0003-4967

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Background: The lifetime prevalence of lower back pain is between 60% and 70%, with surgical treatments spared for those not responding to other options.

Objectives: To investigate the age, gender and socio-economic status differences in back pain procedures in the UK between 2000, 2008 and 2016.

Methods: Data was obtained from primary care electronic medical records (CPRD GOLD) linked to English hospital admissions data. Lower back procedures in patients aged 35+ were identified using OPCS-4 codes for Decompression (Dc), Fusion (F), Therapeutic injections (TI) and Denervation (Dn). Standardised incidence rates (IR) of each type of lower back procedures were calculated per 10,000 CPRD registered person years for each age group, gender, region and SES strata in 2000, 2008 and 2016. IR were also calculated for combinations of age and gender. Negative binomial regression calculated incidence rate ratios (IRR) and 95% confidence intervals.

Results: The IR of lower back procedures was 21.5 [20.7, 22.3] per 10,000 person years in 2000. This doubled by 2008 (45.5 [44.5, 46.5]) and trebled by 2016 (62.5 [60.8, 64.2]). Number of events and incidence rates of each procedure type are shown in table 1 below. The incidence of Dn has increased 6-fold whilst Dc and F have doubled. Female (IR in 2016 of 73.99 [71.43, 76.61] vs 50.08 [47.90, 52.33] in men, IRR 1.50 [1.41, 1.59]) and age are associated with back procedure rates (figure 1). Large socio-economic differences were observed, with higher procedure rates seen in the most deprived areas. These differences did however narrow over time during the study period (figure 2).

Item Type: Article
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > School of Primary, Community and Social Care
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Symplectic
Date Deposited: 26 Aug 2020 14:33
Last Modified: 14 Apr 2021 09:21

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