Pastorelli, G, Marigo, P, Girardi, L, Aringer, B, Chen, Y, Rubele, S, Trabucchi, M, Bladh, S, Boyer, ML, Bressan, A, Dalcanton, JJ, Groenewegen, MAT, Lebzelter, T, Mowlavi, N, Chubb, KL, Cioni, M-RL, de Grijs, R, Ivanov, VD, Nanni, A, van Loon, JT and Zaggia, S (2020) Constraining the thermally pulsing asymptotic giant branch phase with resolved stellar populations in the Large Magellanic Cloud. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 498 (3). pp. 3283-3301. ISSN 0035-8711

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## Abstract

Reliable models of the thermally pulsing asymptotic giant branch (TP-AGB) phase are of critical importance across astrophysics, including our interpretation of the spectral energy distribution of galaxies, cosmic dust production, and enrichment of the interstellar medium. With the aim of improving sets of stellar isochrones that include a detailed description of the TP-AGB phase, we extend our recent calibration of the AGB population in the Small Magellanic Cloud (SMC) to the more metal rich Large Magellanic Cloud (LMC). We model the LMC stellar populations with the trilegal code, using the spatially-resolved star formation history derived from the VISTA survey. We characterize the efficiency of the third dredge-up by matching the star counts and the Ks-band luminosity functions of the AGB stars identified in the LMC. In line with previous findings, we confirm that, compared to the SMC, the third dredge-up in AGB stars of the LMC is somewhat less efficient, as a consequence of the higher metallicity. The predicted range of initial mass of C-rich stars is between $M_\rm i\approx 1.7 - 3 \mathrmM_ødot$ at $Z_\rm i= 0.008$. We show how the inclusion of new opacity data in the carbon star spectra will improve the performance of our models. We discuss the predicted lifetimes, integrated luminosities and mass-loss rate distributions of the calibrated models. The results of our calibration are included in updated stellar isochrones publicly available.

Item Type: Article © 2020 The Author(s) Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society This article is published and distributed under the terms of the Oxford University Press, Standard Journals Publication Model (https://academic.oup.com/journals/pages/open_access/funder_policies/chorus/standard_publication_model) stars: AGB and post-AGB, stars: evolution, Magellanic Clouds Q Science > QB AstronomyQ Science > QB Astronomy > QB460 AstrophysicsQ Science > QB Astronomy > QB600 Planets. PlanetologyQ Science > QC Physics Faculty of Natural Sciences > School of Chemical and Physical Sciences Symplectic 10 Sep 2020 10:31 03 Dec 2020 10:45 https://eprints.keele.ac.uk/id/eprint/8645

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