Wilson, BA and Ledger, PD (2020) Efficient Computation of the Magnetic Polarizabiltiy Tensor Spectral Signature using POD. International Journal for Numerical Methods in Engineering. ISSN 0029-5981

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The identification of hidden conducting permeable objects from measurements of the perturbed magnetic field taken over a range of low frequencies is important in metal detection. Applications include identifying threat items in security screening at transport hubs, location of unexploded ordnance and anti‐personnel landmines in areas of former conflict, searching for items of archaeological significance and recycling of valuable metals. The solution of the inverse problem, or more generally locating and classifying objects, has attracted considerable attention recently using polarizability tensors. The magnetic polarizability tensor (MPT) provides a characterisation of a conducting permeable object using a small number of coefficients, has an explicit formula for the calculation of their coefficients and a well understood frequency behaviour, which we call its spectral signature. However, to compute such signatures, and build a library of them for object classification, requires the repeated solution of a transmission problem, which is typically accomplished approximately using a finite element discretisation. To reduce the computational cost, we propose an efficient reduced order model (ROM) that further reduces the problem using a proper orthogonal decomposition (POD) for the rapid computation of MPT spectral signatures. Our ROM benefits from aposteriori error estimates of the accuracy of the predicted MPT coefficients with respect to those obtained with finite element solutions. These estimates can be computed cheaply during the online stage of the ROM allowing the ROM prediction to be certified. To further increase the efficiency of the computation of the MPT spectral signature, we provide scaling results, which enable an immediate calculation of the signature under changes in the object size or conductivity. We illustrate our approach by application to a range of homogenous and inhomogeneous conducting permeable objects.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: The final accepted version of this manuscript and all relevant information related to it, including copyrights, can be found online at; https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/nme.6606
Uncontrolled Keywords: Finite element method; Metal detection; Magnetic polarizability tensor; Object characterisation; Reduced order model; Spectral Validation
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Q Science > QA Mathematics
T Technology > T Technology (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Natural Sciences > School of Computing and Mathematics
Depositing User: Symplectic
Date Deposited: 17 Dec 2020 10:56
Last Modified: 14 Dec 2021 01:30
URI: https://eprints.keele.ac.uk/id/eprint/9030

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