Kallis, A (2020) Working Across Bounded Entities: Fascism, ‘Para-Fascism’, and Ideational Mobilities in Interwar Europe. In: Beyond the Fascist Century. Palgrave, pp. 73-79. ISBN 978-3-030-46830-9

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Fascism has always challenged, transcended, and redefined bounded entities. Its histories were also forged in and through permanent movement—geographic and ideological alike. Mobility—a fascinating kaleidoscope of complex flows, diffusion, translation, and reflexive adaptations—remains a supremely promising framework for the study of fascism, fitting its conceptual syncretism and protean nature. If we accept that interwar fascism was a phenomenon with international reach driven, then our models of interpretations must accommodate these local interpretations and adaptations as integral parts of the history of fascism. In this essay, I focus on the concept of ‘para-fascism’ that Griffin provocatively coined in an attempt to re-establish a conceptual dialogue between fascism and its supposed conceptual peripheries. With ‘para-fascism’, Griffin did more than any other scholar of fascism to bring into the fold of comparative fascism studies a range of radical movements and especially authoritarian regimes in the 1920s/1930s that were heavily influenced by the emerging political paradigm of ‘fascism’ but lacked a clear revolutionary orientation. I argue that these not-quite-fascists did arguably more to facilitate the appeal and political diffusion of ‘fascism’ as the supposedly pure regime examples of Fascist Italy and National Socialist Germany.

Item Type: Book Section
Additional Information: The final version of this chapter can be found published in it's relevant book, 'Beyond the Fascist Century' and online with all relevant details at; https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007%2F978-3-030-46831-6_4
Uncontrolled Keywords: Mobility, Ideology, Para-fascism, Dictatorship, Revolution, Hybridity
Subjects: H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
H Social Sciences > HB Economic Theory
J Political Science > JA Political science (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences > School of Humanities
Depositing User: Symplectic
Date Deposited: 29 Jan 2021 12:03
Last Modified: 30 Nov 2022 01:30
URI: https://eprints.keele.ac.uk/id/eprint/9083

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