Watson, KS, Boukhloufi, I, Bowerman, M and Parson, SH (2021) The relationship between body composition, fatty acid metabolism and diet in spinal muscular atrophy. Brain Sciences, 11 (2). ISSN 2076-3425

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Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is an autosomal recessive condition that results in pathological deficiency of the survival motor neuron (SMN) protein. SMA most frequently presents itself within the first few months of life and is characterized by progressive muscle weakness. As a neuromuscular condition, it prominently affects spinal cord motor neurons and the skeletal muscle they innervate. However, over the past few decades, the SMA phenotype has expanded to include pathologies outside of the neuromuscular system. The current therapeutic SMA land-scape is at a turning point, whereby a holistic multi-systemic approach to the understanding of disease pathophysiology is at the forefront of fundamental research and translational endeavours. In particular, there has recently been a renewed interest in body composition and metabolism in SMA patients, specifically that of fatty acids. Indeed, there is increasing evidence of aberrant fat distribution and fatty acid metabolism dysfunction in SMA patients and animal models. This re-view will explore fatty acid metabolic defects in SMA and discuss how dietary interventions could potentially be used to modulate and reduce the adverse health impacts of these perturbations in SMA patients.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: spinal muscular atrophy, survival motor neuron, fatty acid metabolism, nutrition, diet
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC346 Neurology. Diseases of the nervous system, including speech disorders
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > School of Medicine
Depositing User: Symplectic
Date Deposited: 17 Jan 2021 13:59
Last Modified: 11 Jun 2021 14:58
URI: https://eprints.keele.ac.uk/id/eprint/9092

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